ZSHOPTIONS(1)                                                    ZSHOPTIONS(1)


       zshoptions - zsh options


       Options are primarily referred to by name.  These names are case insen-
       sitive and underscores are ignored.  For example, ‘allexport’ is equiv-
       alent to ‘A__lleXP_ort’.

       The  sense of an option name may be inverted by preceding it with ‘no’,
       so ‘setopt No_Beep’ is equivalent to ‘unsetopt beep’.   This  inversion
       can only be done once, so ‘nonobeep’ is not a synonym for ‘beep’.  Sim-
       ilarly, ‘tify’ is not  a  synonym  for  ‘nonotify’  (the  inversion  of

       Some  options also have one or more single letter names.  There are two
       sets of single letter options: one used by default, and another used to
       emulate  sh/ksh  (used  when the SH_OPTION_LETTERS option is set).  The
       single letter options can be used on the shell command  line,  or  with
       the  set, setopt and unsetopt builtins, as normal Unix options preceded
       by ‘-’.

       The sense of the single letter options may be  inverted  by  using  ‘+’
       instead  of  ‘-’.   Some  of the single letter option names refer to an
       option being off, in which case the inversion of that  name  refers  to
       the  option  being  on.  For example, ‘+n’ is the short name of ‘exec’,
       and ‘-n’ is the short name of its inversion, ‘noexec’.

       In strings of single letter options supplied to the shell  at  startup,
       trailing  whitespace  will  be ignored; for example the string ‘-f    ’
       will be treated just as ‘-f’, but the string ‘-f i’ is an error.   This
       is  because many systems which implement the ‘#!’ mechanism for calling
       scripts do not strip trailing whitespace.


       In the following list, options set by default  in  all  emulations  are
       marked  <D>;  those  set by default only in csh, ksh, sh, or zsh emula-
       tions are marked <C>, <K>,  <S>,  <Z>  as  appropriate.   When  listing
       options  (by  ‘setopt’, ‘unsetopt’, ‘set -o’ or ‘set +o’), those turned
       on by default appear in the list prefixed  with  ‘no’.   Hence  (unless
       KSH_OPTION_PRINT is set), ‘setopt’ shows all options whose settings are
       changed from the default.

   Changing Directories
       AUTO_CD (-J)
              If a command is issued that can’t be executed as a  normal  com-
              mand, and the command is the name of a directory, perform the cd
              command to that directory.

       AUTO_PUSHD (-N)
              Make cd push the old directory onto the directory stack.

       CDABLE_VARS (-T)
              If the argument to a cd command  (or  an  implied  cd  with  the
              AUTO_CD  option set) is not a directory, and does not begin with
              a slash, try to expand the expression as if it were preceded  by
              a ‘~’ (see the section ‘Filename Expansion’).

              When  changing  to  a  directory  containing a path segment ‘..’
              which would otherwise  be  treated  as  canceling  the  previous
              segment  in  the path (in other words, ‘foo/..’ would be removed
              from the path, or if ‘..’ is the first part  of  the  path,  the
              last part of $PWD would be deleted), instead resolve the path to
              the  physical  directory.   This   option   is   overridden   by

              For  example,  suppose  /foo/bar  is  a  link  to  the directory
              /alt/rod.  Without this option set, ‘cd /foo/bar/..’ changes  to
              /foo;  with it set, it changes to /alt.  The same applies if the
              current directory is /foo/bar and ‘cd ..’ is  used.   Note  that
              all other symbolic links in the path will also be resolved.

       CHASE_LINKS (-w)
              Resolve symbolic links to their true values when changing direc-
              tory.  This also has the effect of CHASE_DOTS, i.e. a ‘..’  path
              segment  will  be  treated  as referring to the physical parent,
              even if the preceding path segment is a symbolic link.

              Don’t push multiple copies of the same directory onto the direc-
              tory stack.

              Exchanges the meanings of ‘+’ and ‘-’ when used with a number to
              specify a directory in the stack.

       PUSHD_SILENT (-E)
              Do not print the directory stack after pushd or popd.

       PUSHD_TO_HOME (-D)
              Have pushd with no arguments act like ‘pushd $HOME’.

              If unset, key functions that list completions try to  return  to
              the  last prompt if given a numeric argument. If set these func-
              tions try to return to the last prompt if given no numeric argu-

              If  a completion is performed with the cursor within a word, and
              a full completion is inserted, the cursor is moved to the end of
              the  word.   That is, the cursor is moved to the end of the word
              if either a single match is inserted or menu completion is  per-

       AUTO_LIST (-9) <D>
              Automatically list choices on an ambiguous completion.

       AUTO_MENU <D>
              Automatically  use  menu completion after the second consecutive
              request for completion, for example  by  pressing  the  tab  key
              repeatedly. This option is overridden by MENU_COMPLETE.

              Any  parameter  that  is set to the absolute name of a directory
              immediately becomes a name for that directory, that will be used
              by  the ‘%~’ and related prompt sequences, and will be available
              when completion is performed on a word starting with ‘~’.  (Oth-
              erwise,  the parameter must be used in the form ‘~param’ first.)

              If a parameter name was  completed  and  a  following  character
              (normally  a space) automatically inserted, and the next charac-
              ter typed is one of those that have to come directly  after  the
              name (like ‘}’, ‘:’, etc.), the automatically added character is
              deleted, so that the character typed comes immediately after the
              parameter  name.   Completion  in  a brace expansion is affected
              similarly: the added character is a ‘,’, which will  be  removed
              if ‘}’ is typed next.

              If  a  parameter  is  completed  whose  content is the name of a
              directory, then add a trailing slash instead of a space.

              When the last character resulting from a completion is  a  slash
              and  the next character typed is a word delimiter, a slash, or a
              character that ends a command (such as a semicolon or an  amper-
              sand), remove the slash.

              On  an ambiguous completion, automatically list choices when the
              completion function is called twice in succession.   This  takes
              precedence  over  AUTO_LIST.   The  setting of LIST_AMBIGUOUS is
              respected.  If AUTO_MENU is set, the menu  behaviour  will  then
              start  with  the third press.  Note that this will not work with
              MENU_COMPLETE, since repeated completion calls immediately cycle
              through the list in that case.

              Prevents  aliases on the command line from being internally sub-
              stituted before completion is attempted.  The effect is to  make
              the alias a distinct command for completion purposes.

              If unset, the cursor is set to the end of the word if completion
              is started. Otherwise it stays there and completion is done from
              both ends.

              When  the current word has a glob pattern, do not insert all the
              words resulting from the expansion but generate matches  as  for
              completion  and  cycle  through  them  like  MENU_COMPLETE.  The
              matches are generated as if a ‘*’ was added to the  end  of  the
              word,  or  inserted  at the cursor when COMPLETE_IN_WORD is set.
              This actually uses pattern matching, not globbing, so  it  works
              not only for files but for any completion, such as options, user
              names, etc.

       HASH_LIST_ALL <D>
              Whenever a command completion is attempted, make sure the entire
              command  path  is hashed first.  This makes the first completion

              This option works when AUTO_LIST or BASH_AUTO_LIST is also  set.
              If there is an unambiguous prefix to insert on the command line,
              that is done without a completion list being displayed; in other
              words,  auto-listing  behaviour  only  takes  place when nothing
              would be inserted.  In the case of  BASH_AUTO_LIST,  this  means
              that the list will be delayed to the third call of the function.

       LIST_BEEP <D>
              Beep on an ambiguous completion.  More accurately,  this  forces
              the  completion  widgets to return status 1 on an ambiguous com-
              pletion, which causes the shell to beep if the  option  BEEP  is
              also  set;  this  may be modified if completion is called from a
              user-defined widget.

              Try to make the completion list smaller (occupying  less  lines)
              by printing the matches in columns with different widths.

              Lay  out  the  matches  in completion lists sorted horizontally,
              that is, the second match is to the right of the first one,  not
              under it as usual.

       LIST_TYPES (-X) <D>
              When  listing files that are possible completions, show the type
              of each file with a trailing identifying mark.

              On an ambiguous completion, instead of listing possibilities  or
              beeping,  insert the first match immediately.  Then when comple-
              tion is requested again, remove the first match and  insert  the
              second  match,  etc.  When there are no more matches, go back to
              the first one again.  reverse-menu-complete may be used to  loop
              through  the  list in the other direction. This option overrides

       REC_EXACT (-S)
              In completion, recognize exact matches even if they are  ambigu-

   Expansion and Globbing
       BAD_PATTERN (+2) <C> <Z>
              If  a  pattern for filename generation is badly formed, print an
              error message.  (If this option is unset, the  pattern  will  be
              left unchanged.)

              In  a  glob  pattern,  treat  a trailing set of parentheses as a
              qualifier list, if it contains no ‘|’, ‘(’ or (if  special)  ‘~’
              characters.  See the section ‘Filename Generation’.

              Expand  expressions  in braces which would not otherwise undergo
              brace expansion to a lexically ordered list of all  the  charac-
              ters.  See the section ‘Brace Expansion’.

       CASE_GLOB <D>
              Make  globbing  (filename  generation)  sensitive to case.  Note
              that other uses of patterns are always sensitive  to  case.   If
              the option is unset, the presence of any character which is spe-
              cial to filename generation will cause  case-insensitive  match-
              ing.   For  example, cvs(/) can match the directory CVS owing to
              the  presence  of  the  globbing   flag   (unless   the   option
              BARE_GLOB_QUAL is unset).

       CSH_NULL_GLOB <C>
              If  a pattern for filename generation has no matches, delete the
              pattern from the argument list; do not report  an  error  unless
              all  the  patterns  in  a  command  have  no matches.  Overrides

       EQUALS <Z>
              Perform = filename expansion.  (See the section ‘Filename Expan-

              Treat  the  ‘#’,  ‘~’ and ‘^’ characters as part of patterns for
              filename generation, etc.  (An initial unquoted ‘~’ always  pro-
              duces named directory expansion.)

       GLOB (+F, ksh: +f) <D>
              Perform filename generation (globbing).  (See the section ‘File-
              name Generation’.)

       GLOB_ASSIGN <C>
              If this option is set, filename generation  (globbing)  is  per-
              formed on the right hand side of scalar parameter assignments of
              the form ‘name=pattern (e.g. ‘foo=*’).  If the result  has  more
              than  one  word  the  parameter  will become an array with those
              words as arguments. This option is provided for  backwards  com-
              patibility  only: globbing is always performed on the right hand
              side of array  assignments  of  the  form  ‘name=(value)’  (e.g.
              ‘foo=(*)’)  and  this form is recommended for clarity; with this
              option set, it is not possible to  predict  whether  the  result
              will be an array or a scalar.

       GLOB_DOTS (-4)
              Do not require a leading ‘.’ in a filename to be matched explic-

       GLOB_SUBST <C> <K> <S>
              Treat any characters resulting from parameter expansion as being
              eligible  for  file  expansion  and filename generation, and any
              characters resulting from command substitution as being eligible
              for  filename generation.  Braces (and commas in between) do not
              become eligible for expansion.

       IGNORE_BRACES (-I) <S>
              Do not perform brace expansion.

       KSH_GLOB <K>
              In  pattern  matching,  the  interpretation  of  parentheses  is
              affected by a preceding ‘@’, ‘*’, ‘+’, ‘?’ or ‘!’.  See the sec-
              tion ‘Filename Generation’.

              All unquoted arguments of the form ‘anything=expression’ appear-
              ing  after  the  command  name have filename expansion (that is,
              where expression has a leading ‘~’ or ‘=’) performed on  expres-
              sion  as if it were a parameter assignment.  The argument is not
              otherwise treated specially; it is passed to the  command  as  a
              single argument, and not used as an actual parameter assignment.
              For example, in echo  foo=~/bar:~/rod,  both  occurrences  of  ~
              would  be  replaced.  Note that this happens anyway with typeset
              and similar statements.

              This option respects the setting of the KSH_TYPESET option.   In
              other  words,  if  both options are in effect, arguments looking
              like assignments will not undergo wordsplitting.

       MARK_DIRS (-8, ksh: -X)
              Append a trailing ‘/’ to  all  directory  names  resulting  from
              filename generation (globbing).

       NOMATCH (+3) <C> <Z>
              If  a  pattern  for filename generation has no matches, print an
              error, instead of leaving it unchanged  in  the  argument  list.
              This also applies to file expansion of an initial ‘~’ or ‘=’.

       NULL_GLOB (-G)
              If  a pattern for filename generation has no matches, delete the
              pattern from the argument list instead of  reporting  an  error.
              Overrides NOMATCH.

              If  numeric  filenames are matched by a filename generation pat-
              tern, sort the filenames numerically rather  than  lexicographi-

              Array  expansions of the form ‘foo${xx}bar’, where the parameter
              xx is set to (a b c),  are  substituted  with  ‘fooabar  foobbar
              foocbar’ instead of the default ‘fooa b cbar’.

       SH_GLOB <K> <S>
              Disables  the special meaning of ‘(’, ‘|’, ‘)’ and ’<’ for glob-
              bing the result of parameter and command substitutions,  and  in
              some other places where the shell accepts patterns.  This option
              is set by default if zsh is invoked as sh or ksh.

       UNSET (+u, ksh: +u) <K> <S> <Z>
              Treat unset parameters as if they were empty when  substituting.
              Otherwise they are treated as an error.

              If  this  is set, zsh sessions will append their history list to
              the history file, rather than overwrite it. Thus, multiple  par-
              allel  zsh  sessions  will all have their history lists added to
              the history file, in the order they are killed.

       BANG_HIST (+K) <C> <Z>
              Perform textual history expansion, csh-style, treating the char-
              acter ‘!’ specially.

              Save  each  command’s  beginning timestamp (in seconds since the
              epoch) and the duration (in seconds) to the history  file.   The
              format of this prefixed data is:

              ‘:<beginning time>:<elapsed seconds>:<command>’.

              Add ‘|’ to output redirections in the history.  This allows his-
              tory references to clobber files even when CLOBBER is unset.

       HIST_BEEP <D>
              Beep when an attempt is made to access  a  history  entry  which
              isn’t there.

              If  the  internal history needs to be trimmed to add the current
              command line, setting this option will cause the oldest  history
              event  that  has  a  duplicate to be lost before losing a unique
              event from the list.  You should be sure to  set  the  value  of
              HISTSIZE  to  a larger number than SAVEHIST in order to give you
              some room for the duplicated events, otherwise this option  will
              behave  just like HIST_IGNORE_ALL_DUPS once the history fills up
              with unique events.

              When searching for history entries in the line  editor,  do  not
              display  duplicates  of  a  line  previously  found, even if the
              duplicates are not contiguous.

              If a new command line being added to the history list duplicates
              an  older  one, the older command is removed from the list (even
              if it is not the previous event).

       HIST_IGNORE_DUPS (-h)
              Do not enter command lines into the history  list  if  they  are
              duplicates of the previous event.

              Remove  command lines from the history list when the first char-
              acter on the line is a  space,  or  when  one  of  the  expanded
              aliases contains a leading space.  Note that the command lingers
              in the internal history until the next command is entered before
              it vanishes, allowing you to briefly reuse or edit the line.  If
              you want to make it vanish right away without  entering  another
              command, type a space and press return.

              Remove  function  definitions  from the history list.  Note that
              the function lingers in the internal history until the next com-
              mand  is  entered  before  it  vanishes, allowing you to briefly
              reuse or edit the definition.

              Remove the history (fc -l) command from the  history  list  when
              invoked.   Note that the command lingers in the internal history
              until the next command is entered before it  vanishes,  allowing
              you to briefly reuse or edit the line.

              Remove  superfluous blanks from each command line being added to
              the history list.

              When writing out the history file, older commands that duplicate
              newer ones are omitted.

              Whenever  the  user  enters a line with history expansion, don’t
              execute the line directly; instead,  perform  history  expansion
              and reload the line into the editing buffer.

              This  options  works like APPEND_HISTORY except that new history
              lines are added to the $HISTFILE incrementally (as soon as  they
              are  entered),  rather  than  waiting until the shell is killed.
              The file is periodically trimmed to the number of  lines  speci-
              fied  by $SAVEHIST, but can exceed this value between trimmings.


              This option both imports new commands from the history file, and
              also  causes  your  typed commands to be appended to the history
              file (the latter is like  specifying  INC_APPEND_HISTORY).   The
              history  lines are also output with timestamps ala EXTENDED_HIS-
              TORY (which makes it easier to find the spot where we  left  off
              reading the file after it gets re-written).

              By  default,  history movement commands visit the imported lines
              as well as the local lines, but you can toggle this on  and  off
              with  the set-local-history zle binding.  It is also possible to
              create a zle widget that will make some commands ignore imported
              commands, and some include them.

              If  you  find  that you want more control over when commands get
              imported,   you   may   wish   to   turn   SHARE_HISTORY    off,
              INC_APPEND_HISTORY  on,  and then manually import commands when-
              ever you need them using ‘fc -RI’.

       ALL_EXPORT (-a, ksh: -a)
              All parameters subsequently defined are automatically  exported.

       GLOBAL_EXPORT (<Z>)
              If  this  option  is  set,  passing  the -x flag to the builtins
              declare, float, integer, readonly and typeset  (but  not  local)
              will  also  set  the  -g flag;  hence parameters exported to the
              environment will not be made local to  the  enclosing  function,
              unless they were already or the flag +g is given explicitly.  If
              the option is unset, exported parameters will be made  local  in
              just the same way as any other parameter.

              This  option is set by default for backward compatibility; it is
              not recommended that its behaviour be relied  upon.   Note  that
              the  builtin  export  always  sets both the -x and -g flags, and
              hence its effect extends beyond the scope of the enclosing func-
              tion; this is the most portable way to achieve this behaviour.

       GLOBAL_RCS (-d) <D>
              If  this  option  is  unset,  the  startup  files /etc/zprofile,
              /etc/zshrc, /etc/zlogin and /etc/zlogout will not  be  run.   It
              can  be  disabled  and  re-enabled at any time, including inside
              local startup files (.zshrc, etc.).

       RCS (+f) <D>
              After /etc/zshenv is sourced on  startup,  source  the  .zshenv,
              /etc/zprofile, .zprofile, /etc/zshrc, .zshrc, /etc/zlogin, .zlo-
              gin, and .zlogout files, as described in  the  section  ‘Files’.
              If  this option is unset, the /etc/zshenv file is still sourced,
              but any of the others will not be; it can be set at any time  to
              prevent  the remaining startup files after the currently execut-
              ing one from being sourced.

       ALIASES <D>
              Expand aliases.

       CLOBBER (+C, ksh: +C) <D>
              Allows ‘>’ redirection to truncate existing files, and  ‘>>’  to
              create files.  Otherwise ‘>!’ or ‘>|’ must be used to truncate a
              file, and ‘>>!’ or ‘>>|’ to create a file.

       CORRECT (-0)
              Try to correct the spelling of commands.  Note  that,  when  the
              HASH_LIST_ALL  option is not set or when some directories in the
              path are not readable, this may falsely report  spelling  errors
              the first time some commands are used.

       CORRECT_ALL (-O)
              Try to correct the spelling of all arguments in a line.

       DVORAK Use  the Dvorak keyboard instead of the standard qwerty keyboard
              as a basis for examining spelling mistakes for the  CORRECT  and
              CORRECT_ALL options and the spell-word editor command.

              If  this  option  is  unset,  output flow control via start/stop
              characters (usually  assigned  to  ^S/^Q)  is  disabled  in  the
              shell’s editor.

       IGNORE_EOF (-7)
              Do  not  exit on end-of-file.  Require the use of exit or logout
              instead.  However, ten consecutive EOFs will cause the shell  to
              exit anyway, to avoid the shell hanging if its tty goes away.

              Also,  if  this  option  is set and the Zsh Line Editor is used,
              widgets implemented by shell functions can be bound to EOF (nor-
              mally  Control-D)  without  printing the normal warning message.
              This works only for normal widgets, not for completion  widgets.

              Allow comments even in interactive shells.

       HASH_CMDS <D>
              Note the location of each command the first time it is executed.
              Subsequent invocations of the same command will  use  the  saved
              location,  avoiding  a path search.  If this option is unset, no
              path hashing is done at all.  However, when CORRECT is set, com-
              mands whose names do not appear in the functions or aliases hash
              tables are hashed in order to avoid reporting them  as  spelling

       HASH_DIRS <D>
              Whenever a command name is hashed, hash the directory containing
              it, as well as all directories that occur earlier in  the  path.
              Has no effect if neither HASH_CMDS nor CORRECT is set.

       MAIL_WARNING (-U)
              Print  a  warning message if a mail file has been accessed since
              the shell last checked.

       PATH_DIRS (-Q)
              Perform a path search even on  command  names  with  slashes  in
              them.  Thus if ‘/usr/local/bin’ is in the user’s path, and he or
              she types ‘X11/xinit’,  the  command  ‘/usr/local/bin/X11/xinit’
              will  be  executed  (assuming  it  exists).  Commands explicitly
              beginning with ‘/’, ‘./’ or ‘../’ are not subject  to  the  path
              search.  This also applies to the . builtin.

              Note  that  subdirectories  of  the current directory are always
              searched for executables specified in  this  form.   This  takes
              place before any search indicated by this option, and regardless
              of whether ‘.’ or the current directory appear  in  the  command
              search path.

              Print  eight  bit characters literally in completion lists, etc.
              This option is not necessary if your  system  correctly  returns
              the printability of eight bit characters (see ctype(3)).

       PRINT_EXIT_VALUE (-1)
              Print the exit value of programs with non-zero exit status.

              Allow  the  character  sequence  ‘’  to signify a single quote
              within singly quoted strings.   Note  this  does  not  apply  in
              quoted strings using the format $..., where a backslashed sin-
              gle quote can be used.

       RM_STAR_SILENT (-H) <K> <S>
              Do not query the user before executing ‘rm *’ or ‘rm path/*’.

              If querying the user before executing ‘rm  *’  or  ‘rm  path/*’,
              first  wait  ten seconds and ignore anything typed in that time.
              This avoids the problem of reflexively answering  ‘yes’  to  the
              query  when  one  didn’t really mean it.  The wait and query can
              always be avoided by expanding the ‘*’ in ZLE (with tab).

       SHORT_LOOPS <C> <Z>
              Allow the short forms of for, repeat, select, if,  and  function

              If  a line ends with a backquote, and there are an odd number of
              backquotes on the line, ignore the trailing backquote.  This  is
              useful  on some keyboards where the return key is too small, and
              the backquote key lies annoyingly close to it.

   Job Control
              With this option set, stopped jobs that are removed from the job
              table  with  the disown builtin command are automatically sent a
              CONT signal to make them running.

       AUTO_RESUME (-W)
              Treat single word simple commands without redirection as  candi-
              dates for resumption of an existing job.

       BG_NICE (-6) <C> <Z>
              Run all background jobs at a lower priority.  This option is set
              by default.

       CHECK_JOBS <Z>
              Report the status of background and suspended jobs before  exit-
              ing a shell with job control; a second attempt to exit the shell
              will succeed.  NO_CHECK_JOBS is best used  only  in  combination
              with NO_HUP, else such jobs will be killed automatically.

              The  check is omitted if the commands run from the previous com-
              mand line included a ‘jobs’ command, since  it  is  assumed  the
              user  is  aware  that there are background or suspended jobs.  A
              ‘jobs’ command run from the precmd function is not  counted  for
              this purpose.

       HUP <Z>
              Send the HUP signal to running jobs when the shell exits.

       LONG_LIST_JOBS (-R)
              List jobs in the long format by default.

       MONITOR (-m, ksh: -m)
              Allow job control.  Set by default in interactive shells.

       NOTIFY (-5, ksh: -b) <Z>
              Report  the  status  of background jobs immediately, rather than
              waiting until just before printing a prompt.

       PROMPT_BANG <K>
              If set, ‘!’ is treated specially in prompt expansion.   See  the
              section ‘Prompt Expansion’.

       PROMPT_CR (+V) <D>
              Print  a  carriage  return  just before printing a prompt in the
              line editor.  This is on by default  as  multi-line  editing  is
              only  possible  if  the editor knows where the start of the line

              If set, ‘%’ is treated specially in prompt expansion.   See  the
              section ‘Prompt Expansion’.

              If set, parameter expansion, command substitution and arithmetic
              expansion are performed in prompts.

              Remove any right prompt from display when  accepting  a  command
              line.   This  may  be useful with terminals with other cut/paste

   Scripts and Functions
              Output hexadecimal numbers in the standard C format, for example
              ‘0xFF’ instead of the usual ‘16#FF’.  If the option OCTAL_ZEROES
              is also set (it is  not  by  default),  octal  numbers  will  be
              treated  similarly  and hence appear as ‘077’ instead of ‘8#77’.
              This option has no effect on the choice of the output base,  nor
              on  the  output of bases other than hexadecimal and octal.  Note
              that these formats will be understood on input  irrespective  of
              the setting of C_BASES.

       ERR_EXIT (-e, ksh: -e)
              If  a command has a non-zero exit status, execute the ZERR trap,
              if set, and exit.  This is disabled while running initialization
              scripts.  cidnex(return from function, on error)

              If a command has a non-zero exit status, return immediately from
              the enclosing function.  The logic  is  identical  to  that  for
              ERR_EXIT,  except  that an implicit return statement is executed
              instead of an exit.  This will trigger an exit at the  outermost
              level of a non-interactive script.

       EXEC (+n, ksh: +n) <D>
              Do execute commands.  Without this option, commands are read and
              checked for syntax errors, but not executed.  This option cannot
              be  turned off in an interactive shell, except when ‘-n’ is sup-
              plied to the shell at startup.

              When executing a shell function or sourcing  a  script,  set  $0
              temporarily to the name of the function/script.

              If  this option is set at the point of return from a shell func-
              tion, all the options (including this one) which were  in  force
              upon  entry  to the function are restored.  Otherwise, only this
              option and the XTRACE and PRINT_EXIT_VALUE options are restored.
              Hence  if this is explicitly unset by a shell function the other
              options in force at the point of return will remain so.  A shell
              function  can  also guarantee itself a known shell configuration
              with a formulation like  ‘emulate  -L  zsh’;  the  -L  activates

       LOCAL_TRAPS <K>
              If  this  option is set when a signal trap is set inside a func-
              tion, then the previous status of the trap for that signal  will
              be restored when the function exits.  Note that this option must
              be set prior to altering  the  trap  behaviour  in  a  function;
              unlike  LOCAL_OPTIONS,  the  value  on exit from the function is
              irrelevant.  However, it does not need  to  be  set  before  any
              global  trap  for  that  to be correctly restored by a function.
              For example,

                     unsetopt localtraps
                     trap - INT
                     fn() { setopt localtraps; trap  INT; sleep 3; }

              will restore normally handling  of  SIGINT  after  the  function

       MULTIOS <Z>
              Perform  implicit  tees  or  cats when multiple redirections are
              attempted (see the section ‘Redirection’).

              Interpret any integer constant beginning with a 0 as octal,  per
              IEEE  Std 1003.2-1992 (ISO 9945-2:1993).  This is not enabled by
              default as it causes problems with parsing of, for example, date
              and time strings with leading zeroes.

              If  this is unset, executing any of the ‘typeset’ family of com-
              mands with no options and a list of parameters that have no val-
              ues  to  be assigned but already exist will display the value of
              the parameter.  If the option is set, they will  only  be  shown
              when  parameters  are selected with the ‘-m’ option.  The option
              ‘-p’ is available whether or not the option is set.

       VERBOSE (-v, ksh: -v)
              Print shell input lines as they are read.

       XTRACE (-x, ksh: -x)
              Print commands and their arguments as they are executed.

   Shell Emulation
       BSD_ECHO <S>
              Make the echo builtin compatible with the BSD  echo(1)  command.
              This  disables  backslashed  escape  sequences  in  echo strings
              unless the -e option is specified.

              A history reference without an event specifier will always refer
              to  the  previous  command.  Without this option, such a history
              reference refers to the same event as the previous history  ref-
              erence, defaulting to the previous command.

              Allow  loop  bodies  to take the form ‘list; end’ instead of ‘do
              list; done’.

              Changes the rules for single- and double-quoted  text  to  match
              that  of  csh.  These require that embedded newlines be preceded
              by a backslash; unescaped newlines will cause an error  message.
              In  double-quoted  strings, it is made impossible to escape ‘$’,
              ‘’ or ‘"’ (and ‘\’ itself no longer needs  escaping).   Command
              substitutions are only expanded once, and cannot be nested.

       CSH_NULLCMD <C>
              Do  not  use  the values of NULLCMD and READNULLCMD when running
              redirections with no command.  This make such redirections  fail
              (see the section ‘Redirection’).

       KSH_ARRAYS <K> <S>
              Emulate  ksh  array  handling  as  closely as possible.  If this
              option is set, array elements are numbered from zero,  an  array
              parameter  without subscript refers to the first element instead
              of the whole array, and braces are required to  delimit  a  sub-
              script (‘${path[2]}’ rather than just ‘$path[2]’).

       KSH_AUTOLOAD <K> <S>
              Emulate  ksh function autoloading.  This means that when a func-
              tion is autoloaded, the corresponding file is  merely  executed,
              and  must define the function itself.  (By default, the function
              is defined to the contents of the file.  However, the most  com-
              mon  ksh-style case - of the file containing only a simple defi-
              nition of the function - is always handled in the ksh-compatible

              Alters the way options settings are printed: instead of separate
              lists of set and unset options, all options  are  shown,  marked
              ‘on’ if they are in the non-default state, ‘off’ otherwise.

       KSH_TYPESET <K>
              Alters  the  way  arguments  to  the typeset family of commands,
              including declare, export, float, integer, local  and  readonly,
              are  processed.   Without  this  option, zsh will perform normal
              word splitting after command and parameter  expansion  in  argu-
              ments  of  an  assignment; with it, word splitting does not take
              place in those cases.

              When this option is set the command builtin can be used to  exe-
              cute  shell  builtin  commands.  Parameter assignments specified
              before shell functions and special builtins are kept  after  the
              command  completes  unless  the special builtin is prefixed with
              the command builtin.  Special builtins are  .,  :,  break,  con-
              tinue,  declare,  eval,  exit, export, integer, local, readonly,
              return, set, shift, source, times, trap and unset.

              Perform filename expansion (e.g., ~ expansion) before  parameter
              expansion,  command substitution, arithmetic expansion and brace
              expansion.  If this option is unset, it is performed after brace
              expansion, so things like ‘~$USERNAME’ and ‘~{pfalstad,rc}’ will

       SH_NULLCMD <K> <S>
              Do not use the values of  NULLCMD  and  READNULLCMD  when  doing
              redirections, use ‘:’ instead (see the section ‘Redirection’).

              If this option is set the shell tries to interpret single letter
              options (which are used with set  and  setopt)  like  ksh  does.
              This also affects the value of the - special parameter.

       SH_WORD_SPLIT (-y) <K> <S>
              Causes  field  splitting  to  be performed on unquoted parameter
              expansions.  Note that this option has nothing to do  with  word
              splitting.  (See the section ‘Parameter Expansion’.)

              While  waiting  for  a  program  to exit, handle signals and run
              traps immediately.  Otherwise the trap is run after a child pro-
              cess  has  exited.  Note this does not affect the point at which
              traps are run for any case other than when the shell is  waiting
              for a child process.

   Shell State
       INTERACTIVE (-i, ksh: -i)
              This is an interactive shell.  This option is set upon initiali-
              sation if the standard input is a tty  and  commands  are  being
              read  from  standard input.  (See the discussion of SHIN_STDIN.)
              This heuristic may be overridden by specifying a state for  this
              option  on the command line.  The value of this option cannot be
              changed anywhere other than the command line.

       LOGIN (-l, ksh: -l)
              This is a login shell.  If this option is  not  explicitly  set,
              the shell is a login shell if the first character of the argv[0]
              passed to the shell is a ‘-’.

       PRIVILEGED (-p, ksh: -p)
              Turn on  privileged  mode.  This  is  enabled  automatically  on
              startup  if  the  effective  user (group) ID is not equal to the
              real user (group) ID.  Turning this option off causes the effec-
              tive  user  and  group  IDs to be set to the real user and group
              IDs. This option disables sourcing user startup files.   If  zsh
              is invoked as ‘sh’ or ‘ksh’ with this option set, /etc/suid_pro-
              file is sourced  (after  /etc/profile  on  interactive  shells).
              Sourcing  ~/.profile  is  disabled  and  the contents of the ENV
              variable is ignored. This option cannot be changed using the  -m
              option of setopt and unsetopt, and changing it inside a function
              always changes  it  globally  regardless  of  the  LOCAL_OPTIONS

       RESTRICTED (-r)
              Enables  restricted  mode.   This option cannot be changed using
              unsetopt, and setting it inside a  function  always  changes  it
              globally  regardless  of the LOCAL_OPTIONS option.  See the sec-
              tion ‘Restricted Shell’.

       SHIN_STDIN (-s, ksh: -s)
              Commands are being read from the standard input.   Commands  are
              read  from standard input if no command is specified with -c and
              no file of commands is specified.  If SHIN_STDIN is set  explic-
              itly on the command line, any argument that would otherwise have
              been taken as a file to run will instead be treated as a  normal
              positional  parameter.   Note  that  setting  or  unsetting this
              option on the command line does not necessarily affect the state
              the option will have while the shell is running - that is purely
              an indicator of whether on not commands are actually being  read
              from standard input.  The value of this option cannot be changed
              anywhere other than the command line.

       SINGLE_COMMAND (-t, ksh: -t)
              If the shell is reading from standard input, it  exits  after  a
              single  command  has  been  executed.  This also makes the shell
              non-interactive, unless the INTERACTIVE option is explicitly set
              on the command line.  The value of this option cannot be changed
              anywhere other than the command line.

       BEEP (+B) <D>
              Beep on error in ZLE.

       EMACS  If ZLE is loaded, turning on  this  option  has  the  equivalent
              effect  of  ‘bindkey  -e’.  In addition, the VI option is unset.
              Turning it off has no effect.  The option setting is not guaran-
              teed to reflect the current keymap.  This option is provided for
              compatibility; bindkey is the recommended interface.

              Start up the line editor in overstrike mode.

       SINGLE_LINE_ZLE (-M) <K>
              Use single-line command line editing instead of multi-line.

       VI     If ZLE is loaded, turning on  this  option  has  the  equivalent
              effect of ‘bindkey -v’.  In addition, the EMACS option is unset.
              Turning it off has no effect.  The option setting is not guaran-
              teed to reflect the current keymap.  This option is provided for
              compatibility; bindkey is the recommended interface.

       ZLE (-Z)
              Use the zsh line editor.  Set by default in  interactive  shells
              connected to a terminal.


       Some  options have alternative names.  These aliases are never used for
       output, but can be used just like normal option names  when  specifying
       options to the shell.

              NO_IGNORE_BRACES (ksh and bash compatibility)

              GLOB_DOTS (bash compatibility)

              HASH_CMDS (bash compatibility)

              APPEND_HISTORY (bash compatibility)

              BANG_HIST (bash compatibility)

       LOG    NO_HIST_NO_FUNCTIONS (ksh compatibility)

              MAIL_WARNING (bash compatibility)

              SINGLE_COMMAND (bash compatibility)

              CHASE_LINKS (ksh and bash compatibility)

              PROMPT_SUBST (bash compatibility)

       STDIN  SHIN_STDIN (ksh compatibility)

              HASH_CMDS (ksh compatibility)


   Default set
       -0     CORRECT
       -1     PRINT_EXIT_VALUE
       -2     NO_BAD_PATTERN
       -3     NO_NOMATCH
       -4     GLOB_DOTS
       -5     NOTIFY
       -6     BG_NICE
       -7     IGNORE_EOF
       -8     MARK_DIRS
       -9     AUTO_LIST
       -B     NO_BEEP
       -C     NO_CLOBBER
       -D     PUSHD_TO_HOME
       -E     PUSHD_SILENT
       -F     NO_GLOB
       -G     NULL_GLOB
       -H     RM_STAR_SILENT
       -I     IGNORE_BRACES
       -J     AUTO_CD
       -K     NO_BANG_HIST
       -M     SINGLE_LINE_ZLE
       -N     AUTO_PUSHD
       -O     CORRECT_ALL
       -P     RC_EXPAND_PARAM
       -Q     PATH_DIRS
       -R     LONG_LIST_JOBS
       -S     REC_EXACT
       -T     CDABLE_VARS
       -U     MAIL_WARNING
       -V     NO_PROMPT_CR
       -W     AUTO_RESUME
       -X     LIST_TYPES
       -Y     MENU_COMPLETE
       -Z     ZLE
       -a     ALL_EXPORT
       -e     ERR_EXIT
       -f     NO_RCS
       -g     HIST_IGNORE_SPACE
       -h     HIST_IGNORE_DUPS
       -i     INTERACTIVE
       -l     LOGIN
       -m     MONITOR
       -n     NO_EXEC
       -p     PRIVILEGED
       -r     RESTRICTED
       -s     SHIN_STDIN
       -t     SINGLE_COMMAND
       -u     NO_UNSET
       -v     VERBOSE
       -w     CHASE_LINKS
       -x     XTRACE
       -y     SH_WORD_SPLIT

   sh/ksh emulation set
       -C     NO_CLOBBER
       -T     TRAPS_ASYNC
       -X     MARK_DIRS
       -a     ALL_EXPORT
       -b     NOTIFY
       -e     ERR_EXIT
       -f     NO_GLOB
       -i     INTERACTIVE
       -l     LOGIN
       -m     MONITOR
       -n     NO_EXEC
       -p     PRIVILEGED
       -r     RESTRICTED
       -s     SHIN_STDIN
       -t     SINGLE_COMMAND
       -u     NO_UNSET
       -v     VERBOSE
       -x     XTRACE

   Also note
       -A     Used by set for setting arrays
       -b     Used on the command line to specify end of option processing
       -c     Used on the command line to specify a single command
       -m     Used by setopt for pattern-matching option setting
       -o     Used in all places to allow use of long option names
       -s     Used by set to sort positional parameters

zsh 4.2.1                       August 13, 2004                  ZSHOPTIONS(1)

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