xpdf(1)                                                                xpdf(1)


       xpdf - Portable Document Format (PDF) file viewer for X (version 3.01)


       xpdf [options] [PDF-file [page | +dest]]


       Xpdf  is a viewer for Portable Document Format (PDF) files.  (These are
       also sometimes also called ´Acrobat’ files, from the  name  of  Adobe’s
       PDF  software.)   Xpdf runs under the X Window System on UNIX, VMS, and

       To run xpdf, simply type:

              xpdf file.pdf

       where file.pdf is your PDF file.  The file name can be  followed  by  a
       number specifying the page which should be displayed first, e.g.:

              xpdf file.pdf 18

       You  can  also  give a named destination, prefixed with ´+’ in place of
       the page number.  (This is only useful  with  PDF  files  that  provide
       named destination targets.)

       You can also start xpdf without opening any files:



       Xpdf reads a configuration file at startup.  It first tries to find the
       user’s private config file, ~/.xpdfrc.  If that doesn’t exist, it looks
       for a system-wide config file, typically /etc/xpdfrc (but this location
       can be changed when xpdf is built).  See the  xpdfrc(5)  man  page  for


       Many  of  the following options can be set with configuration file com-
       mands or X resources.  These are listed in  square  brackets  with  the
       description of the corresponding command line option.

       -g geometry
              Set the initial window geometry.  (-geometry is equivalent.)  [X
              resource: xpdf.geometry]

       -title title
              Set the window title.  By default,  the  title  will  be  "xpdf:
              foo.pdf".  [X resource: xpdf.title]

       -cmap  Install  a private colormap.  This is ignored on TrueColor visu-
              als.  [X resource: xpdf.installCmap]

       -rgb number
              Set the size of largest RGB cube xpdf will try to allocate.  The
              default is 5 (for a 5x5x5 cube); set to a smaller number to con-
              serve color table entries.  This is ignored  with  private  col-
              ormaps and on TrueColor visuals.  [X resource: xpdf.rgbCubeSize]

       -rv    Set reverse video mode.  This reverses the colors of  everything
              except  images.  It may not always produce great results for PDF
              files which do weird things with color.  This  also  causes  the
              paper    color    to    default    to   black.    [X   resource:

       -papercolor color
              Set the "paper color", i.e., the background of the page display.
              This  will  not work too well with PDF files that do things like
              filling in white behind the text.  [X resource: xpdf.paperColor]

       -mattecolor color
              Set the matte color, i.e., the color used for background outside
              the actual page area.  [X resource: xpdf.matteColor]

       -z zoom
              Set the initial zoom factor.  A number specifies a zoom percent-
              age,  where 100 means 72 dpi.You may also specify ´page’, to fit
              the page to the window size, or ´width’, to fit the  page  width
              to  the window width.  [config file: initialZoom; or X resource:

       -cont  Start in continuous view mode, i.e., with  one  vertical  scroll
              bar for the whole document.  [config file: continuousView]

       -t1lib yes | no
              Enable  or  disable  t1lib  (a  Type  1  font rasterizer).  This
              defaults to "yes".  [config file: enableT1lib]

       -freetype yes | no
              Enable or disable FreeType (a TrueType /  Type  1  font  raster-
              izer).  This defaults to "yes".  [config file: enableFreeType]

       -aa yes | no
              Enable  or  disable font anti-aliasing.  This defaults to "yes".
              [config file: antialias]

       -ps PS-file
              Set the default file name for PostScript output (i.e., the  name
              which will appear in the print dialog).  This can also be of the
              form ´|command’ to pipe the PostScript through a command.  [con-
              fig file: psFile]

       -paper size
              Set  the  paper size to one of "letter", "legal", "A4", or "A3".
              This can also be set to "match", which will set the  paper  size
              to  match  the  size  specified  in the PDF file.  [config file:

       -paperw size
              Set the paper width, in points.  [config file: psPaperSize]

       -paperh size
              Set the paper height, in points.  [config file: psPaperSize]

              Generate Level 1 PostScript.   The  resulting  PostScript  files
              will  be significantly larger (if they contain images), but will
              print on Level 1 printers.  This also  converts  all  images  to
              black and white.  [config file: psLevel]

       -enc encoding-name
              Sets  the  encoding  to  use for text output.  The encoding-name
              must be defined with the  unicodeMap  command  (see  xpdfrc(5)).
              This defaults to "Latin1" (which is a built-in encoding).  [con-
              fig file: textEncoding]

       -eol unix | dos | mac
              Sets the end-of-line convention to use for text output.  [config
              file: textEOL]

       -opw password
              Specify  the  owner  password  for the PDF file.  Providing this
              will bypass all security restrictions.

       -upw password
              Specify the user password for the PDF file.

              Open xpdf in a full-screen mode, useful for presentations.   You
              may  also  want  to  specify ’-bg black’ (or similar) with this.
              (There is currently no way to switch between  window  and  full-
              screen modes on the fly.)

       -remote name
              Start/contact  xpdf  remote  server with specified name (see the
              REMOTE SERVER MODE section below).

              Reload xpdf remote server window (with -remote only).

       -raise Raise xpdf remote server window (with -remote only).

       -quit  Kill xpdf remote server (with -remote only).

       -cmd   Print commands  as  they’re  executed  (useful  for  debugging).
              [config file: printCommands]

       -q     Don’t print any messages or errors.  [config file: errQuiet]

       -cfg config-file
              Read config-file in place of ~/.xpdfrc or the system-wide config

       -v     Print copyright and version information.

       -h     Print usage information.  (-help and --help are equivalent.)

       Several other standard X options and resources will work as expected:

       -display display
              [X resource: xpdf.display]

       -fg color
              (-foreground is equivalent.)  [X resource: xpdf*Foreground]

       -bg color
              (-background is equivalent.)  [X resource: xpdf*Background]

       -font font
              (-fn is equivalent.)  [X resource: xpdf*fontList]

       The color and font options only affect the user interface elements, not
       the PDF display (the ´paper’).

       The following X resources do not have command line option equivalents:

              Enables  the ´h’, ´l’, ´k’ and ´j’ keys for left, right, up, and
              down scrolling.

              Enables (if set to true) or disables (if set to false) the tool-
              tips on the toolbar buttons.


   On-screen controls, at the bottom of the xpdf window
       left/right arrow buttons
              Move to the previous/next page.

       double left/right arrow buttons
              Move backward or forward by ten pages.

       dashed left/right arrow buttons
              Move backward or forward along the history path.

       Page entry box
              Move  to  a  specific page number.  Click in the box to activate
              it, type the page number, then hit return.

       zoom popup menu
              Change the zoom factor (see the description  of  the  -z  option

       binoculars button
              Find a text string.

       print button
              Bring  up a dialog for generating a PostScript file.  The dialog
              has options to set the pages to be printed  and  the  PostScript
              file name.  The file name can be ´-’ for stdout or ´|command’ to
              pipe the PostScript through a command, e.g., ´|lpr’.

       ? button
              Bring up the ´about xpdf’ window.

       link info
              The space between the ´?’ and ´Quit’ buttons is used to show the
              URL or external file name when the mouse is over a link.

       Quit button
              Quit xpdf.

       Pressing the right mouse button will post a popup menu with the follow-
       ing commands:

              Open a new PDF file via a file requester.

       Open in new window...
              Create a new  window  and  open  a  new  PDF  file  via  a  file

       Reload Reload  the  current  PDF  file.  Note that Xpdf will reload the
              file automatically (on a  page  change  or  redraw)  if  it  has
              changed since it was last loaded.

       Save as...
              Save the current file via a file requester.

       Continuous view
              Toggles between single page and continuous view modes.

       Rotate counterclockwise
              Rotate the page 90 degrees counterclockwise.

       Rotate clockwise
              Rotate  the  page 90 degrees clockwise.  The two rotate commands
              are intended primarily for PDF files where  the  rotation  isn’t
              correctly specified in the file.

       Close  Close  the current window.  If this is the only open window, the
              document is closed, but the window is left open (i.e., this menu
              command won’t quit xpdf).

       Quit   Quit xpdf.

       If  the  PDF  contains an outline (a.k.a., bookmarks), there will be an
       outline pane on the left side of the window.  The width of the  outline
       pane is adjustable with a vertical split bar via the knob near its bot-
       tom end.

   Text selection
       Dragging the mouse with the left button held  down  will  highlight  an
       arbitrary  rectangle.  Any text inside this rectangle will be copied to
       the X selection buffer.

       Clicking on a hyperlink will jump to the link’s destination.  A link to
       another  PDF  document  will  make xpdf load that document.  A ´launch’
       link to an executable program will display a dialog, and if  you  click
       ´ok’, execute the program.  URL links call an external command (see the
       WEB BROWSERS section below).

       Dragging the mouse with the middle button held down pans the window.

   Key bindings
       o      Open a new PDF file via a file requester.

       r      Reload the current PDF file.  Note that  Xpdf  will  reload  the
              file  automatically  (on  a  page  change  or  redraw) if it has
              changed since it was last loaded.

              Redraw the current page.

              Close the current window.

       f or control-F
              Find a text string.

              Find next occurrence.


       n      Move to the next page.  Scrolls to the top of the  page,  unless
              scroll lock is turned on.

       p      Move  to  the  previous  page.   Scrolls to the top of the page,
              unless scroll lock is turned on.

       <Space> or <PageDown> or <Next>
              Scroll down on the current page; if already at bottom,  move  to
              next page.

       <Backspace> or <Delete> or <PageUp> or <Previous>
              Scroll up on the current page; if already at top, move to previ-
              ous page.

       v      Move forward along the history path.

       b      Move backward along the history path.

       <Home> Scroll to top of current page.

       <End>  Scroll to bottom of current page.

              Scroll to first page of document.

              Scroll to last page of document.

       arrows Scroll the current page.

       g      Activate the page number text field ("goto page").

       0      Set the zoom factor to 125%.

       +      Zoom in (increment the zoom factor by 1).

       -      Zoom out (decrement the zoom factor by 1).

       z      Set the zoom factor to ’page’ (fit page to window).

       w      Set the zoom factor to ’width’ (fit page width to window).

       q      Quit xpdf.


       If you want to run xpdf automatically  from  netscape  or  mosaic  (and
       probably  other  browsers)  when you click on a link to a PDF file, you
       need to edit (or create) the files .mime.types  and  .mailcap  in  your
       home directory.  In .mime.types add the line:

              application/pdf pdf

       In .mailcap add the lines:

              # Use xpdf to view PDF files.
              application/pdf; xpdf -q %s

       Make sure that xpdf is on your executable search path.

       When  you click on a URL link in a PDF file, xpdf will execute the com-
       mand specified by the  urlCommand  config  file  option,  replacing  an
       occurrence  of  ´%s’  with the URL.  For example, to call netscape with
       the URL, add this line to your config file:

              urlCommand "netscape -remote ’openURL(%s)’"


       Xpdf can be started in remote server mode by specifying a  server  name
       (in addition to the file name and page number).  For example:

              xpdf -remote myServer file.pdf

       If  there  is  currently  no  xpdf running in server mode with the name
       ´myServer’, a new xpdf window will be opened.  If another command:

              xpdf -remote myServer another.pdf 9

       is issued, a new copy of xpdf will not be started.  Instead, the  first
       xpdf  (the server) will load another.pdf and display page nine.  If the
       file name is the same:

              xpdf -remote myServer another.pdf 4

       the xpdf server will simply display the specified page.

       The -raise option tells the server to raise its window; it can be spec-
       ified with or without a file name and page number.

       The -quit option tells the server to close its window and exit.


       The Xpdf tools use the following exit codes:

       0      No error.

       1      Error opening a PDF file.

       2      Error opening an output file.

       3      Error related to PDF permissions.

       99     Other error.


       The  xpdf  software  and  documentation are copyright 1996-2005 Glyph &
       Cog, LLC.


       pdftops(1), pdftotext(1), pdfinfo(1), pdffonts(1), pdftoppm(1),  pdfim-
       ages(1), xpdfrc(5)

                                17 August 2005                         xpdf(1)

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