XFIG(1)                                                                XFIG(1)


       xfig - Facility for Interactive Generation of figures under X11


       xfig [options] [file]


       Xfig  is a menu-driven tool that allows the user to draw and manipulate
       objects interactively under the X Window System.  It runs under X  ver-
       sion  11 release 4 or higher and requires a two- or three-button mouse.
       file specifies the name of a file to be edited.   The  objects  in  the
       file will be read at the start of xfig.

       The  bulk  of the documentation fori xfig is in an HTML-based reference
       guide.   See  the  Help  menu  in  xfig  or  point  your   browser   at
       Doc/html/index.html  (provided  with  the xfig distribution, usually in
       the Doc/www directory).  There are both English and Japanese  versions.

       When  using  a two-button mouse use the <Meta> key and the right button
       at the same time to effect the action of the middle button.

       Xfig is available  from  ftp://www-epb.lbl.gov/xfig  and  usually  from
       ftp://ftp.x.org/contrib/applications/drawing_tools/xfig .

       The TransFig package is used when printing or exporting the output from
       xfig.  The fig2dev program from the TransFig package  is  automatically
       called by xfig as a back-end processor to produce various types of out-

       LaTeX, Metafont, PostScript or Encapsulated PostScript, tk (tcl/tk tool
       command  language/tool  kit  package),  GIF, JPEG, PCX, PNG, PPM, TIFF,
       XBM, XPM, AutoCAD Slide, IBM-GL (HP/GL), Pic PiCTeX, box,  epic,  eepic
       and eepicemu.

       See man fig2dev for all options.

       The  TransFig  package is available from ftp://www-epb.lbl.gov/xfig and
       ftp://ftp.x.org/contrib/applications/drawing_tools/transfig .


              Print all command-line options for xfig and quit.

              Allow panning into the negative region of the canvas.   This  is
              the default

       -bal[loon_delay] msec
              Cause popup information balloons to be delayed by msec millisec-
              onds.  The default is 500 milliseconds.

       -bol[d] font
              Cause the font used for displaying the file name  and  confirma-
              tion messages to be font (default = 8x13bold).

       -butt[on] font
              Cause  the  font  used  for  most  buttons to be font (default =

       -but_[per_row] number
              Specify the number of buttons wide the  mode  panel  should  be.
              This  is  useful  in  conjunction with the -pheight parameter to
              reduce the canvas height for small screens.

       -cbg color
              Use color as the background color for the canvas.  If  you  want
              to  set  the background of everything in xfig (e.g. menus, etc.)
              use the general -bg option.

              Set the print option to print the figure centered on  the  page.
              This is the default.

              Make centimeters the unit of choice.  See also -metric.

       -cfg color
              Use  color as the default color for objects.  If you want to set
              the foreground of everything in xfig (e.g. menus, etc.) use  the
              general -fg option.

              Turn  on debugging mode.  Prints various debugging messages like
              font names etc.

              Choose depth of visual desired.  Your server  must  support  the
              desired visual and depth chosen.  Use xdpyinfo to see what visu-
              als and depths are supported.  See also the -visual option.

              Don’t allow panning into the negative region of the canvas.  The
              default is to allow panning in the negative region.

              Prevents  xfig  from  popping  up the information balloons.  See
              also -showballoons.

              Don’t show lengths of lines as they are being  drawn.   This  is
              the default.

              Don’t  show  axis  zero  lines on the canvas.  The default is to
              show them.

              Prevents xfig from switching to  a  private  colormap  if  there
              aren’t  enough  colors  available  in the default colormap.  See
              also -max_image_colors.

       -enc[oding] encoding
              Encode character set using encoding when exporting  LaTeX  text.
              The  default  is  1.   This is used for the ISO-8859 encoding of
              character  sets.   Allowed  values  are  0  (no   encoding),   1
              (ISO-8859-1) or 2 (ISO-8859-2).

       -exportL[anguage] language
              Specifies  the  default language to be used for when exporting a
              fig file.  Choices are:

              Name              Language
              Vector formats:
              box               LaTeX box (figure boundary)
              latex             LaTeX picture
              epic              LaTeX picture + epic macros
              eepic             LaTeX picture + eepic macros
              eepicemu          LaTeX picture + eepicemu macros
              pictex            PiCTeX macros
              hpl               HPGL (IBMGL)
              eps               Encapuslated PostScript
              eps_ascii         Encapuslated PostScript with ASCII preview
              eps_mono_tiff     Encapuslated PostScript with monochrome binary (TIFF) preview
              eps_color_tiff    Encapuslated PostScript with color binary (TIFF) preview
              ps                PostScript
              pdf               PDF (Portable Document Format)
              pstex             Combined PS/LaTeX (both PS and LaTeX parts)
              pdftex            Combined PDF/LaTeX (both PDF and LaTeX parts)
              textyl            Textyl special commands
              tpic              TPIC
              pic               PIC
              mf                MF (MetaFont)
              mp                MP (MetaPost)
              mmp               MMP (Multi-MetaPost)
              cgm               CGM (Computer Graphics Meta file)
              bcgm              Binary CGM (Computer Graphics Meta file)
              emf               Enhanced Meta file)
              tk                Tk (of the tcl/tk fame)
              svg               SVG (Scalable Vector Graphics (XML variant))

              Bitmap formats:
              gif               GIF
              jpeg              JPEG (JFIF)
              pcx               PCX
              png               PNG
              ppm               PPM (portable pixmap package)
              sld               (AutoCad slide)
              tiff              TIFF
              xbm               X11 Bitmap
              xpm               X11 Pixmap (XPM3 package)


       -export_m[argin] width
              Set the size of the border margin around the figure for  export-
              ing  to bitmap, PostScript, Encapsulated PostScript, or HTML MAP
              formats.  This is in units of pixels (1/80th inch).  The default
              is 0.

              Flip  left/right mouse indicator messages for mice whose buttons
              have been switched.  The default is to NOT flip the messages.

              Set the print option  to  print  the  figure  flush  left.   The
              default is to center the figure on the page.

       -free[hand_resolution] resolution
              Set  the  resolution  of the freehand drawing mode to resolution
              pixels.  This is the number of pixels the mouse must move before
              xfig adds another point to the object being drawn.

       -geom[etry] [WxH][+X+Y]
              You  may  use  the  -geometry  option or resource to size and/or
              position the xfig window, or you may use -pwidth and/or -pheight
              to specify the canvas size in inches or centimeters.  If you use
              the -geom option to  make  the  xfig  window  smaller  than  the
              default,  you  may  have  to use the -but_per_row option to tell
              xfig to put 3 or 4 buttons per row on the left mode panel.

       -gh[ostscript] postscript-interpreter
              Select the PostScript (tm)  interpreter  of  your  choice.   The
              default  is  ghostscript  (gs).   This  is needed when importing
              Encapsulated PostScript files.

       -grid_c[olor] color
              Draw the grid on the canvas in this color (default: red).

       -grid_u[nit] unit
              Only used when in inches mode to choose  between  showing  frac-
              tions or decimal inches in the rulers and grid.  Any of the fol-
              lowing may be used to force decimal inches: "ten", "tenth", "10,
              "1/10".   If any other value is used for this option, the rulers
              will show 1/16 inch divisions.

              Start xfig with the hidden text mode for text objects.  The Hid-
              den  attribute  is used for figures that will be used with LaTeX
              and is applicable only to the display of the document  in  xfig.
              It  means  that  the text itself is not shown onscreen, but only
              the string ‘‘<text>’’.  This is to keep long sequences of  LaTeX
              formatting  commands  from  making  the screen messy and hard to
              read.  The default for the Hidden flag is off.

              Hide the depth manager panel.  The default is to show the panel.

              Show  the  library  objects as icons.  This is the default.  The
              other mode is -list_view.

       -iconG[eometry] +X+Y
              Specifies the position for the icon.

       -im[age_editor] editor
              Specify bitmap editor to  use  when  ‘‘Edit  Image’’  button  is
              pressed in Picture Object panel.

       -inc[hes] (or-imperial)
              Make inches the unit of choice.  This is the default.

              Install  own colormap. Normally, xfig uses the current colormap.

       -internalBW width
              Use lines of width width between all buttons and panels (default
              = 1).

       -jpeg[_quality] quality
              Set  the  quality  factor for exporting to the jpeg format.  The
              default is 75.

       -k[eyFile] compose-key-file
              Use compose-key-file instead of CompKeyDB for compose (meta) key
              database.   If  there  are  no ‘‘/’’s in the name, the file must
              reside in  the  xfig  library  directory,  $XFIGLIBDIR,  usually
              /usr/local/lib/X11/xfig.  If there are any ‘‘/’’s in the name it
              is taken as is (not relative to $XFIGLIBDIR).   If  there  is  a
              leading  ‘‘~/’’  in the string then the ‘‘~’’ is expanded to the
              user’s home directory.

              Make xfig come up in landscape mode (10.5" x 8").  This  is  the
              default;  however  as  the orientation is stored with Fig files,
              when you  load  a  Fig  file  the  orientation  will  change  as
              required.  This is only true for files of version 3.0 or higher.
              See also -portrait.

              Start xfig with LaTeX font selection.  Normally, the  PostScript
              fonts are available as the default.  This flag selects the LaTeX
              fonts to start.

              Change the position of the side panel window to the left of  the
              canvas window.  This is the default.

       -library_d[ir] directory
              Specify directory where Fig object libraries are located.  There
              may be sub-directories there and sub-sub-directories, etc.

       -library_i[con_size] size
              Specify the size of the icons shown for  library  objects.   The
              default  is 60 pixels, with the minimum being 40 and the maximum
              being 120.

              Show the library objects as a list of names. The default mode is

       -mag[nification] mag
              Set export and print magnification in %.

       -max[_image_colors] numcols
              Limit  the  number of colors used for imported images to numcols
              (default 64).

              Make centimeters the unit of choice.   The  option  -centimeters
              may also be used.

              After  xfig  is  started you may change the units from metric to
              imperial or vice versa from a popup menu available  by  pressing
              mouse button 3 in the units box where the two rulers meet.

              Use black and white only.

              Sets multiple page mode for print or export. See also -single.

              When  exporting  in  multiple  page mode, causes no overlap from
              page to page.  This is the default.  See also -overlap.

       -nor[mal] font
              Cause the font used for the message window  to  be  font.   This
              font  is  also  used on the canvas when the selected font is not
              available in an X11 font (default = 6x13).

              Disables use of the X11R5 or OpenWindows  scalable  fonts.   You
              might want to use this for debugging.

              Don’t show the startup splash screen.  The default is to show it
              ( -splash ).

              Turn off cursor (mouse) tracking arrows.

              When exporting in multiple page mode, causes overlap  from  page
              to page of about 10%.  See also -nooverlap.

       -pag[eborder] color
              Draw  the page border on the canvas in this color (default light
              blue).  The page border is  turned  on  by  the  -showpageborder
              option (resource Fig.showpageborder), and shows the edges of the
              current export paper size.

       -pap[er_size] size
              Set the initial paper size for Export and Print.  Choices are

              Option     Paper      Size
              letter     Letter     8.5in x 11in
              legal      Legal      8.5in x 14in
              tabloid    Tabloid    17in x 11in
              a          ANSI A     8.5in x 11in
              b          ANSI B     11in x 17in
              c          ANSI C     17in x 22in
              d          ANSI D     22in x 34in
              e          ANSI E     34in x 44in
              a9         ISO A9     37mm x 52mm
              a8         ISO A8     52mm x 74mm
              a7         ISO A7     74mm x 105mm
              a6         ISO A6     105mm x 148mm
              a5         ISO A5     148mm x 210mm
              a4         ISO A4     210mm x 297mm
              a3         ISO A3     297mm x 420mm
              a2         ISO A2     420mm x 594mm
              a1         ISO A1     594mm x 840mm
              a0         ISO A0     840mm x 1189mm
              b10        JIS B10    32mm x 45mm
              b9         JIS B9     45mm x 64mm
              b8         JIS B8     64mm x 91mm
              b7         JIS B7     91mm x 128mm
              b6         JIS B6     128mm x 182mm
              b5         JIS B5     182mm x 257mm
              b4         JIS B4     257mm x 364mm
              b3         JIS B3     364mm x 515mm
              b2         JIS B2     515mm x 728mm
              b1         JIS B1     728mm x 1030mm
              b0         JIS B0     1030mm x 1456mm

              Note that this doesn’t affect the size of  the  drawing  canvas.
              Use the -pheight and -pwidth options for that.

       -ph[eight] height
              Make  the  xfig canvas height high (where height is either cm or
              in, depending on the -metric setting).

              Make xfig come up in portrait mode (8.5" x 9").  See note  about
              landscape mode.

       -pw[idth] width
              Make the xfig canvas width wide (where width is either cm or in,
              depending on the -metric setting).

              Change the position of the side panel window to the right of the
              canvas window (default: left).

              Start xfig with the rigid text mode for text objects.  The Rigid
              attribute forces text to remain the same size even if  inside  a
              compound  object that is scaled up or down.  The default is off.

              Set the height(width) of the top(side) rulers  in  pixels.   The
              default (and minimum) is 24.

              Allows  use  of the X11R5 or OpenWindows scalable fonts (this is
              the default).  If the scalable fonts aren’t available xfig  will
              automatically switch to non-scaling fonts.

       -scale_factor scale
              Scale  every  figure  read  in by this value.  This is useful in
              conjunction with the -update option to do batch scaling of  fig-

              Show  all the xfig indicator buttons instead of only those rele-
              vant to the current drawing mode.  Normally,  the  buttons  line
              width,  area-fill,  grid  mode, text size, etc. are only visible
              when they  are  relevant  to  the  current  drawing  mode.   The
              -showallbuttons  option makes all of the indicator buttons visi-
              ble at all times.  This takes up more screen  real  estate,  but
              allows the user to see all settable parameters.

              Forces  xfig  to  pop up the information balloons when the mouse
              passws over a button. This is the default. See  also  -dontshow-
              balloons .

              Show  the depth manager panel.  This panel lets one show or hide
              objects at various depths.  This is the default.

              Makes xfig show the lengths of lines being drawn,  in  red  text
              near the line itself.  Also, when points are moved or added.  In
              addition, imagine a triangle formed with the line segment as the
              hypotenuse, and a vertical and horizontal line forming the other
              two sides.  These lines and their lengths are also drawn in  red
              as the point is moved or added.  This mode is ignored when draw-
              ing in freehand mode.
              This flag may be toggled by pressing <Meta>i (default).

              With this option, xfig will draw all objects with a  red  number
              next  to  each vertex.  This is generally only useful for debug-

              Makes xfig show the border of the  current  paper  size  in  the
              color specified by the -pageborder option (default: light blue).

              Show axis zero lines on the canvas.  This is the default

              Sets single page mode for print or export.  This is the default.
              See also -multiple.

       -sm[ooth_factor] factor
              Enable smoothing when exporting to the bitmap formats (e.g. GIF,
              PNG, etc.). The allowed values are 0  (no  smoothing),  2  or  4
              (most  smoothing).   This  parameter is passed to ghostscript in
              the -dTextAlphaBits -dGraphicsAlphaBits options  to  smooth  the

              Start xfig with the special text mode for text objects.  Special
              text means that special characters in the string  are  not  spe-
              cially processed but are passed directly to LaTeX.  This is most
              useful for writing LaTeX equations.  If this flag  is  not  set,
              then  the  backslash  character ’\’ is changed to the \backslash
              command, a brace ’{’ is turned into a brace command \{, etc.

       -spel[lcheckcommand] command
              Use command for the external spell checking program  when  using
              the spell check/search/replace popup.  The string command should
              include the string ‘‘%s’’ which is replaced by a temporary file-
              name.  Default is ‘‘spell %s’’.

       -spinner_d[elay] msec
              The  delay  (in  milliseconds) before the spinner will automati-
              cally count up or down when the button is pressed.  Spinners are
              the  (numeric)  text  widgets  with an up- and down-arrow, which
              when clicked, cause the  value  to  be  incremented/decremented.
              The default is 500 milliseconds.

       -spinner_r[rate] msec
              The  rate (in milliseconds) at which the spinner will count when
              the up- or down-arrow is pressed.

       -startfi[llstyle] stylenumber
              Set the starting fill style for area fill (-1 to 21).

       -startfo[ntsize] pointsize
              Set the default font size for text objects (default = 12pt).

       -startg[ridmode] modenumber
              Set the starting grid mode (0 to 3).  Mode 0  is  no  grid.   In
              imperial  (inches)  mode, grid mode 1 is 1/4 inch, mode 2 is 1/2
              inch and mode 3 is 1 inch.  In metric mode, grid mode 1 is  5mm,
              mode 2 is 1cm and mode 3 is 2cm.

       -startla[texFont] font
              Set the starting font name for LaTeX fonts.

       -startli[newidth] width
              Set the starting line width.

       -startpo[snmode] modenumber
              Set  the  starting  point  positioning mode (0 to 4) In imperial
              (inches) mode, positioning mode 0 is ‘‘any’’,  mode  1  is  1/16
              inch,  mode  2  is  1/4 inch, mode 3 is 1/2 inch and mode 4 is 1
              inch.  In metric mode, mode 0 is ‘‘any’’, mode 1 is 1mm, mode  2
              is 5mm, mode 3 is 10mm and mode 4 is 20mm.

       -startp[sFont] font
              Set the starting font name for PostScript fonts.

       -startt[extstep] stepsize
              Set the starting text step.

              Specifies  that  xfig should use the input tablet instead of the
              mouse for drawing.  You must have the XInputExtension in your  X
              server  and  an  input  tablet for this to work.  Also, you must
              modify the Imakefile to include the USETAB and TABLIB variables.

              Turn on cursor (mouse) tracking arrows (default).

       -tran[sparent_color] color_number
              Make  the  transparent  color for GIF export color_number.  This
              number is the color number according to the  xfig  color  panel,
              starting at 0 (black) and ending at 31 (gold), or may be a user-
              defined color number, which is 32 or higher.

       -update file [ file ... ]
              Run xfig in an "update" mode, where it will read each  Fig  file
              specified  on  the command line and write it out to the original
              file, in the current file format for the version of  xfig  being
              run.   The  original  Fig file will be preserved with the suffix
              .bak attached to the name.
              In this mode, xfig doesn’t connect the X server, so no window is
              opened, and it exits when finished.

       -users[cale] scale
              Set  the multiplier for displayed line lengths etc.  This factor
              is multiplied by the actual length, radius or  diameter  of  the
              object  currently  being  drawn on the canvas.  It is useful for
              making scale drawings, where e.g. 1 inch = 1 foot  (userscale  =
              12.0) or 1cm = 1m (userscale = 100.0).

       -useru[nit] units
              The  units  string  is  printed with the length information when
              drawing objects.  For example if the userscale  =  1.0  and  the
              userunit  =  ft then a line which is 3 inches long on the canvas
              would be displayed as ‘‘length = 3 ft’’ when it is being  drawn.

              After  xfig  is  started  you  may  change the userscale and the
              userunit from a popup menu available by pressing mouse button  3
              in the units box where the two rulers meet.

       -visual visualname
              Use  visualname as the visual for xfig.  The names are TrueColor
              (case is not important), StaticColor,  DirectColor,  StaticGray,
              GrayScale  and PseudoColor.  xfig uses the default visual unless
              this is specified.  Your server must support the desired visual.
              Use  xdpyinfo to see what visuals and depths are supported.  See
              also the -depth option.

       -zoom zoomscale
              Set the starting zoom scale.


       The overall widget name(Class) is xfig(Fig).   These  resources  corre-
       spond to the command line arguments:

    Name                Type    Default         Command-line equivalent

    allownegcoords      boolean true            -allownegcoords (true),
                                                -dontallownegcoords (false)
    balloon_delay       integer 500 (ms)        -balloon_delay
    boldFont            string  8x13bold        -bold
    but_per_row         integer 2               -but_per_row
    buttonFont          string  6x13            -button
    canvasbackground    string  white           -cbg
    canvasforeground    string  black           -cfg
    correctfontsize     boolean false           -correctfontsize
    debug               boolean false           -debug
    depth               integer *               -depth
    dontswitchcmap      boolean false           -dontswitchcmap
    euc_encoding        boolean false           (n/a)
    encoding            integer 1               -encoding
    exportLanguage      string  eps             -exportLanguage
    export_margin       integer 0               -export_margin
    flipvisualhints     boolean false           -flipvisualhints
    flushleft           boolean false           -flushleft (true),
                                                -center (false)
    freehand_resolution integer 25              -freehand_resolution
    grid_color          string  black           -grid_color
    grid_unit           string  1/16 (inch)     -grid_unit
                                0.1 (metric)
    hiddentext          boolean false           -hiddentext
    icon_view           boolean true            -icon_view (true),
                                                -list_view (false)
    image_editor        string  xv              -image_editor
    inches              boolean true            -inches (true),
                                                -imperial (true),
                                                -centimeters (false),
                                                -metric (false)
    installowncmap      boolean false           -installowncmap
    internalborderwidth integer 1               -internalBW
    jpeg_quality        integer 75              -jpeg_quality
    justify             boolean false           -left (false),
                                                -right (true)
    keyFile             string  CompKeyDB       -keyFile
    landscape           boolean true            -Landscape (true),
                                                -landscape (true),
                                                -Portrait (false),
                                                -portrait (false)
    latexfonts          boolean false           -latexfonts
    library_dir         string  ~/xfiglib       -library_dir
    magnification       float   100             -magnification
    max_image_colors    integer 64              -max_image_colors
    monochrome          boolean false           -monochrome
    multiple            boolean false           -multiple
    normalFont          string  6x13            -normal
    overlap             boolean true            -overlap (true),
                                                -nooverlap (false)
    pageborder          string  lightblue       -pageborder
    paper_size          string  Letter (inch)   -paper_size
                                A4 (metric)
    pheight             float   8.5 (landscape) -pheight
                                9.5 (portrait)
    pwidth              float   11 (landscape)  -pwidth
                                8.5 (portrait)
    rulerthick          integer 24              -rulerthick
    scalablefonts       boolean true            -scalablefonts (true),
                                                -noscalablefonts (false)
    scale_factor        float   1.0             -scale_factor
    showallbuttons      boolean false           -showallbuttons
    showballoons        boolean true            -showballoons (true),
                                                -dontshowballoons (false)
    showdepthmanager    boolean true            -showdepthmanager (true),
                                                -dontshowdepthmanager (false)
    showlengths         boolean false           -showlengths (true),
                                                -dontshowlengths (false)
    shownums            boolean false           -shownums (true),
                                                -dontshownums (false)
    showpageborder      boolean true            -showpageborder (true),
                                                -dontshowpageborder (false)
    showzerolines       boolean true            -showzerolines (true),
                                                -dontshowzerolines (false)
    single              boolean true            -single
    smooth_factor       integer 0               -smooth_factor
    specialtext         boolean false           -specialtext
    splash              boolean true            -splash (true),
                                                -nosplash (false)
    spellcheckcommand   string  spell %s        -spellcheckcommand
    spinner_delay       integer 500 (ms)        -spinner_delay
    spinner_rate        integer 100 (ms)        -spinner_rate
    startfillstyle      integer 0               -startfillstyle
    startfontsize       float   12              -startfontsize
    startgridmode       integer 0               -startgridmode
    startlatexFont      string  Default         -startlatexFont
    startlinewidth      integer 1               -startlinewidth
    startposnmode       integer 1               -startposnmode
    startpsFont         string  Times-Roman     -startpsFont
    starttextstep       float   1.2             -starttextstep
    tablet              boolean false           -track,
    trackCursor         boolean true            -track (true),
                                                -notrack (false)
    transparent_color   integer -2 (none)       -transparent_color
    userscale           float   1.0             -userscale
    userunit            string  in (inches)     -userunit
                                cm (metric)
    visual              string  *               -visual
    zoom                float   1.0             -zoom

    * Default visual and depth depend on the X server. Use xdpyinfo to see what visuals
    and depths are supported.


       Please send bug reports, fixes, new features etc. to:
       xfig-bugs@epb1.lbl.gov (Brian V. Smith)

       When reporting a bug, please first check if the problem is mentioned in
       the FAQ section of the HTML files (xfig Help menu).

       If it is not mentioned there, be sure to report  the  operating  system
       you  are  using (e.g. SunOS 4.1.3), type of X server and version (Open-
       Windows 3, X11R6.4, XFree86 3.2.2, etc) and  color  depth  (e.g.  8bpp,
       16bpp),  and  most  importantly  the version of xfig or fig2dev that is
       having the problem.

       It is also VERY useful to me if you can provide a stack  trace  from  a
       debugger such as gdb, dbx, ups, etc, if the bug causes xfig to crash.

       Because  of  the  difference  of  some  fonts in some X servers and the
       PostScript fonts on printers, text alignment can be problematic.

       Not all operations employ smart redrawing of objects which are  altered
       as  a by product of the operation.  You may need to use Redraw in these

       Some servers do not allow bitmaps/pixmaps taller than the screen height
       or  wider  than  the screen width.  That is why there is a limit on the
       width of the top ruler and height of  the  side  ruler.   If  you  need
       wider/taller  rulers  AND  your  server  allows bigger pixmaps, you may
       define MAX_TOPRULER_WD and/or MAX_SIDERULER_HT in your Imakefile in the
       DEFINES  line.   For example, to have a maximum top ruler width of 1160
       pixels, add -DMAX_TOPRULER_WD=1160 to your DEFINES line in  the  Imake-

       If  the  image  is panned or the xfig window iconified and de-iconified
       during the middle of an operation (e.g. while drawing a line), the pic-
       ture  will  be distorted.  This can be corrected using Redraw after the
       operation is complete.

       When zoomed very large, the length of dashes in dashed lines  will  top
       out  at  255  pixels  long.  This is due to a restriction in X that the
       dash list is defined by char (255 pixels maximum for a dash).  The fig-
       ure will print correctly, however.

       When  you  do  a copy/rotate with multiple copies, only the creation of
       the last object can be undone with the Undo button.

       Modifications to text using the popup search/update/replace/spell check
       panel cannot be undone.

       See the README file for troubleshooting.


       fig2dev(1) (TransFig package)

       gs(1) (Ghostscript PostScript previewer)


       (From  the  original  author, Supoj Sutanthavibul): Many thanks goes to
       Professor Donald E. Fussell who inspired the creation of this tool.

       (From current maintainer Brian Smith): Thanks to all the users who have
       contributed to xfig, especially Paul King who, besides adding many fea-
       tures, revamped the look and feel which became version 2.1.


       Original Copyright (c) 1985 by Supoj Sutanthavibul
       Parts Copyright (c) 1994-1999 by Brian V. Smith
       Parts Copyright (c) 1991 by Paul King
       Other Copyrights may be found in various files

       Any party obtaining a copy of these files is granted, free of charge, a
       full  and  unrestricted irrevocable, world-wide, paid up, royalty-free,
       nonexclusive right and license to deal in this software and  documenta-
       tion files (the "Software"), including without limitation the rights to
       use, copy, modify, merge, publish and/or distribute copies of the Soft-
       ware,  and  to permit persons who receive copies from any such party to
       do so, with the only  requirement  being  that  this  copyright  notice
       remain intact.

       Note  that  although  I  work  at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
       (LBNL) I don’t speak for LBNL nor do I represent LBNL with  respect  to
       my  work  on  TransFig  and xfig, nor does LBL make any representations
       about the suitability of this software for any purpose.

       Here is the legal part:


       PostScript is a trademark of Adobe Systems Incorporated.

       Parts Copyright (C) 1989 by Jef Poskanzer.
       Copyright notice for pbmplus code:

       Permission to use, copy, modify, and distribute this
       software and its documentation for any purpose and without
       fee is hereby granted, provided that the above copyright
       notice appear in all copies and that both that copyright
       notice and this permission notice appear in supporting
       documentation.  This software is provided ‘‘as is’’ without
       express or implied warranty.


               Data base of compose (meta) key sequences for 8-bit characters.
               Must  be  installed  in $(XFIGLIBDIR) with ‘‘make install’’, or
               may be specified with command line option -keyFile or X toolkit
               resource keyFile.  See the Imakefile.

               This  directory contains the html documentation, the above men-
               tioned CompKeyDB file, and a directory of libraries  containing
               Fig objects such as electrical symbols, logic symbols, etc.

       Fig.ad and Fig-color.ad
               Application defaults files which are automatically installed in
               the system app-defaults directory with the  make  install  com-

               Description of Fig file format.

       README  Installation instructions and troubleshooting.

       CHANGES Description of bug fixes/new features.


       Many people have contributed to xfig.  Here is a list of the people who
       have contributed the most (in chronological order):

       Version 1:

           Original author:
           Supoj Sutanthavibul, University of Texas at Austin

           The LaTeX line drawing modes were contributed by:
           Frank Schmuck, Cornell University

           Original X11 port by:
           Ken Yap, Rochester

           Variable window sizes, cleanup of X11 port, right hand side panel:
           Dana Chee, Bellcore

           Cleanup of color port to X11 by:
           John T. Kohl, MIT

       Version 2.0:

           Area fill, multiple  line  thicknesses,  multiple  fonts  and  font
           sizes,  bottom panel, line style/thickness, (and anything else that
           wasn’t written by the others) by:
           Brian Smith
           (standard disclaimer applies)

           Popup change-object menu by:
           Jon Tombs
           Frank Schmuck

           Zooming and panning functions, shift key select mechanism by:
           Dieter Pellkofer
           Henning Spruth

           Depth feature by:
           Mike Lutz

           Cut/Paste by:
           Tom Tkacik

       Version 2.1:

           Indicator panel, file menu popup, print menu  popup,  panning  with
           rulers,  mouse  function  window, regular polygon, rubberbanding of
           circles/ellipses, filled splines on canvas,  dashed/dotted  splines
           on  canvas,  update  button,  arbitrary  angle rotation of objects,
           alignment in compound, object scaling, constrained copy/move,  cor-
           ner markers for compound, context sensitive corner markers, smarter
           redraw, undo for compound and point move for boxes,  cancel  object
           creation, point positioning to three resolutions, TransFig scalable
           text, hidden text, special text, save of figure on crash by:

           Paul King (king@cs.uq.oz.au)
           with help from:
           Brian Smith and Micah Beck (beck@cs.utk.edu)

           Encapsulated PostScript importing by:
           Brian Boyter

           Pan/zoom with ctrl key/mouse by:
           Henning Spruth

           International characters by:
           Herve Soulard

           Directory Browser based on XDir by:
           Win Treese, Digital Equipment Corporation

           Rotated ellipses by:
           James Tough, Dept. of  Computer  Science,  Heriot-Watt  University,

           Rotated text from the xvertext package by:
           Alan  Richardson,  Space Science Centre, School of MAPS, University
           of Sussex

           Popup scale menu and dynamic switching between inches and cm by:
           Paul King (king@cs.uq.oz.au)

           Extensive man page formatting revisions by:
           David W. Sanderson

           Display Postscript code for IBM RS/6000 by:
           Dave Hale (dhale@green.mines.colorado.edu)

       Version 3.0:

           New arrowhead types, separate pen/fill colors, new  file  protocol,
           more  colors  with  extended  color popup panel, new arc style, new
           fill patterns (bricks, etc), new line join and cap  styles,  export
           offset and file load offset, XPM import, XBM import and export (and
           anything else that wasn’t written by the others) by:
           Brian Smith
           (Note: the color popup panel was based  on  xcoloredit  by  Richard

           GIF header reading code by:
           David Koblas from the giftoppm part of the pbmplus package

           XPM export code (using XPM3 libraries) by:
           Karel van Houten (K.H.C.vanHouten@research.ptt.nl)

           Higher figure resolution (1200dpi) by:
           Ross Martin (martin@trcsun3.eas.asu.edu)

           Color quantization using neural network by:
           Anthony Dekker (dekker@ACM.org)
           [NEUQUANT  Neural-Net  quantization  algorithm  by  Anthony Dekker,
           1994.  See ‘‘Kohonen neural networks for optimal  colour  quantiza-
           tion’’  in ‘‘Network: Computation in Neural Systems’’ Vol. 5 (1994)
           pp 351-367.  for a discussion of the algorithm.]

           Floyd-Steinberg algorithm for dithering color images on  monochrome
           displays lifted from the Pbmplus package by Jef Poskanser.

           rotate/flip objects around/about selected anchor point and multiple
           copies of objects by:
           Uwe Bonnes (bon@lte.e-technik.uni-erlangen.de)

           Input tablet extension by:
           Greg LaCoste (greg@seismo.do.usbr.gov)

       Version 3.1:

           The only difference between protocol version 3.0 and version 3.1 is
           that  the  position  of  the  ‘‘magnet’’ has been shifted by 14 fig
           units.  In the 2.1 and older versions of xfig the grid was in  mul-
           tiples  of  5  fig  units, but they were on intervals 4, 9, 14, 19,
           etc.  When version 3.0 was created, coordinates were simply  multi-
           plied by the ratio of the resolutions (1200/80 = 15) so values like
           4 became 60 instead of 74 ((4+1)*15 - 1).

           The JPEG import/export code uses the Independent JPEG  Group  soft-
           ware (see jpeg/README for details)

           Image browser, editor and screen capture features by:
           Jim Daley (jdaley@cix.compulink.co.uk)

       Version 3.2:

           The  changes  to  the version 3.2 file protocol are the addition of
           the paper size, print/export  magnification,  single/multiple  page
           indicator  and  a transparent color name used for GIF export to the
           header of the file.
           The other difference in the version 3.2 protocol is the  mathemati-
           cal  model  used  for splines. The new version uses X-splines which
           allows the user to mix interpolation and approximation points in  a
           same curve. More precisely, it means that an X-spline curve is nei-
           ther an interpolated spline nor an approximated  one,  it  is  BOTH
           (the  behaviour of each point is controlled by one single parameter
           called ‘‘shape  factor’’).  For  additional  information  about  X-
           splines, see:

             "X-Splines: A Spline Model Designed for the End User"
             by C. Blanc and C. Schlick, Proceedings of SIGGRAPH’95

           Caveat:  Because  previous  spline  models (quadratic B-splines and
           Bezier with hidden points) are no longer supported, curves that are
           present  in version 3.1 and older files are automatically converted
           to X-splines.  This translation is only an  approximation  process.
           It  means that the converted curves are not exactly the same as the
           original ones. Though they are usually very close,  some  hand-fit-
           ting may be needed in some pathological cases.

           Inclusion of X-splines by:
           Carole Blanc (blanc@labri.u-bordeaux.fr)
           Christophe Schlick (schlick@labri.u-bordeaux.fr)
           Note:  the  initial implementation was done by C. Feuille, S. Gros-
           bois, L.  Maziere and L. Minihot as a student practice  (Universite
           Bordeaux, France).

           Open/close compound feature written by
           Bill Taylor (bill@mainstream.com)

           Library feature written by
           Stephane Mancini (mancini@elecsrv.enst.fr) (object preview by Brian
           V. Smith)

           The library objects in the Electrical and Logic libraries were done
           Peter Hiscocks (phiscock@ee.ryerson.ca)

           The  library objects in the Computer, Networks, and Hospital-Equip-
           ment libraries were extracted from the clipart example files by
           Bill Chimiak (chim@bgsm.edu)

       Version 3.2.3 and newer:

           Please see the CHANGES file for credits for newer releases.


       Many bug fixes/cleanups etc. by a host of faithful users

       See the CHANGES file for all the credits

       The TransFig package was written by Micah Beck  and  is  maintained  by
       Brian Smith

                             Xfig 3.2.4 (Dec 2002)                     XFIG(1)

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