swat - Samba Web Administration Tool
swat [-s <smb config file>] [-a] [-P]
This tool is part of the samba(7) suite.
swat allows a Samba administrator to configure the complex smb.conf(5)
file via a Web browser. In addition, a swat configuration page has help
links to all the configurable options in the smb.conf file allowing an
administrator to easily look up the effects of any change.
swat is run from inetd
-s smb configuration file
The default configuration file path is determined at compile
time. The file specified contains the configuration details re-
quired by the smbd(8) server. This is the file that swat will
modify. The information in this file includes server-specific
information such as what printcap file to use, as well as de-
scriptions of all the services that the server is to provide.
See smb.conf for more information.
-a This option disables authentication and putsswat in demo mode.
In that mode anyone will be able to modify the smb.conf file.
WARNING: Do NOT enable this option on a production server.
-P This option restricts read-only users to the password management
page. swat can then be used to change user passwords without
users seeing the "View" and "Status" menu buttons.
-V Prints the program version number.
-s <configuration file>
The file specified contains the configuration details required
by the server. The information in this file includes server-spe-
cific information such as what printcap file to use, as well as
descriptions of all the services that the server is to provide.
See smb.conf for more information. The default configuration
file name is determined at compile time.
debuglevel is an integer from 0 to 10. The default value if this
parameter is not specified is zero.
The higher this value, the more detail will be logged to the log
files about the activities of the server. At level 0, only crit-
ical errors and serious warnings will be logged. Level 1 is a
reasonable level for day-to-day running - it generates a small
amount of information about operations carried out.
Levels above 1 will generate considerable amounts of log data,
and should only be used when investigating a problem. Levels
above 3 are designed for use only by developers and generate
HUGE amounts of log data, most of which is extremely cryptic.
Note that specifying this parameter here will override the pa-
rameter in the smb.conf file.
Base directory name for log/debug files. The extension ".prog-
name" will be appended (e.g. log.smbclient, log.smbd, etc...).
The log file is never removed by the client.
Print a summary of command line options.
Swat is included as binary package with most distributions. The package
manager in this case takes care of the installation and configuration.
This section is only for those who have compiled swat from scratch.
After you compile SWAT you need to run make install to install the
swat binary and the various help files and images. A default install
would put these in:
You need to edit your /etc/inetd.conf and /etc/services to enable SWAT
to be launched via inetd.
In /etc/services you need to add a line like this:
Note for NIS/YP and LDAP users - you may need to rebuild the NIS ser-
vice maps rather than alter your local /etc/services file.
the choice of port number isn’t really important except that it should
be less than 1024 and not currently used (using a number above 1024
presents an obscure security hole depending on the implementation de-
tails of yourinetd daemon).
In /etc/inetd.conf you should add a line like this:
swat stream tcp nowait.400 root /usr/local/samba/sbin/swat swat
Once you have edited /etc/services and /etc/inetd.conf you need to send
a HUP signal to inetd. To do this use kill -1 PID where PID is the
process ID of the inetd daemon.
To launch SWAT just run your favorite web browser and point it at
Note that you can attach to SWAT from any IP connected machine but con-
necting from a remote machine leaves your connection open to password
sniffing as passwords will be sent in the clear over the wire.
This file must contain suitable startup information for the
This file must contain a mapping of service name (e.g., swat) to
service port (e.g., 901) and protocol type (e.g., tcp).
This is the default location of the smb.conf(5) server configu-
ration file that swat edits. Other common places that systems
install this file are /usr/samba/lib/smb.conf and /etc/smb.conf
. This file describes all the services the server is to make
available to clients.
swat will rewrite your smb.conf(5) file. It will rearrange the entries
and delete all comments, include= and copy= options. If you have a
carefully crafted smb.conf then back it up or don’t use swat!
This man page is correct for version 3.0 of the Samba suite.
inetd(5), smbd(8), smb.conf(5)
The original Samba software and related utilities were created by An-
drew Tridgell. Samba is now developed by the Samba Team as an Open
Source project similar to the way the Linux kernel is developed.
The original Samba man pages were written by Karl Auer. The man page
sources were converted to YODL format (another excellent piece of Open
Source software, available at ftp://ftp.icce.rug.nl/pub/unix/) and up-
dated for the Samba 2.0 release by Jeremy Allison. The conversion to
DocBook for Samba 2.2 was done by Gerald Carter. The conversion to Doc-
Book XML 4.2 for Samba 3.0 was done by Alexander Bokovoy.
Man(1) output converted with