SNMPD(8) Net-SNMP SNMPD(8)
snmpd - daemon to respond to SNMP request packets.
snmpd [OPTIONS] [LISTENING ADDRESSES]
snmpd is an SNMP agent which binds to a port and awaits requests from
SNMP management software. Upon receiving a request, it processes the
request(s), collects the requested information and/or performs the
requested operation(s) and returns the information to the sender.
-a Log the source addresses of incoming requests.
-A Append to the log file rather than truncating it.
-c FILE Read FILE as a configuration file (or a comma-separated list of
-C Do not read any configuration files except the ones optionally
specified by the -c option. Note that this behaviour also cov-
ers the persistent configuration files. This may result in
dynamically-assigned values being reset following an agent
restart, unless the relevant persistent config files are
explicitly loaded using the -c option.
-d Dump (in hexadecimal) the sent and received SNMP packets.
Turn on debugging output for the given TOKEN(s). Without any
tokens specified, it defaults to printing all the tokens (which
is equivalent to the keyword "ALL"). You might want to try ALL
for extremely verbose output. Note: You can not put a space
between the -D flag and the listed TOKENs.
-f Do not fork() from the calling shell.
-g GID Change to the numerical group ID GID after opening listening
Display a brief usage message and then exit.
-H Display a list of configuration file directives understood by
the agent and then exit.
This option specifies which modules you do (or do not) want to
be initialized when the agent starts up. If the comma-sepa-
rated INITLIST is preceded with a ’-’, it is the list of mod-
ules that you do not want to be started. Otherwise, INITLIST
is the list of modules to be started.
To get a list of compiled modules, run the agent with the argu-
ments -Dmib_init -H (assumes you have debugging support com-
Log all output from the agent (including stdout and stderr) to
FILE. If no filename is given, log to a default file set at
compile time (normally /var/log/snmpd.log).
This option is being deprecated, and ’-Lf FILE’ should be used
Specify where logging output should be directed (standard error
or output, to a file or via syslog). See LOGGING OPTIONS in
snmpcmd(5) for details.
This option deprecates the -l -s and -S options.
-p FILE Save the process ID of the daemon in FILE.
This option deprecates the -P option.
-P FILE Save the process ID of the daemon in FILE. This option is
being deprecated, and ’-p FILE’ should be used instead.
-q Print simpler output for easier automated parsing.
-r Do not require root access to run the daemon. Specifically, do
not exit if files only accessible to root (such as /dev/kmem
etc.) cannot be opened.
-s Use syslog for logging.
This option is being deprecated, and ’-Ls FACILITY’ should be
Specifies the syslog facility to use when logging to syslog.
This option is being deprecated, and ’-Ls FACILITY’ should be
-u UID Change to the user ID UID (which can be given in numerical or
textual form) after opening listening sockets.
Print version information for the agent and then exit.
-V Symbolically dump SNMP transactions.
Listens for AgentX connections on the specified address rather
than the default ’/var/agentx/master’. The address can either
be a Unix domain socket path, or the address of a network
interface. The format is the same as the format of listening
addresses described below.
-X Run as an AgentX subagent rather than as an SNMP master agent.
By default, snmpd listens for incoming SNMP requests only on UDP port
161. However, it is possible to modify this behaviour by specifying
one or more listening addresses as arguments to snmpd. A listening
address takes the form:
At its simplest, a listening address may consist only of a port number,
in which case snmpd listens on that UDP port on all IPv4 interfaces.
Otherwise, the <transport-address> part of the specification is parsed
according to the following table:
<transport-specifier> <transport-address> format
udp hostname[:port] or IPv4-address[:port]
tcp hostname[:port] or IPv4-address[:port]
aal5pvc or pvc [interface.][VPI.]VCI
udp6 or udpv6 or udpipv6 hostname[:port] or IPv6-address[:port]
tcp6 or tcpv6 or tcpipv6 hostname[:port] or IPv6-address[:port]
Note that <transport-specifier> strings are case-insensitive so that,
for example, "tcp" and "TCP" are equivalent. Here are some examples,
along with their interpretation:
127.0.0.1:161 listen on UDP port 161, but only on the loop-
back interface. This prevents snmpd being
queried remotely (which is a bit pointless).
The ":161" is redundant here since that is the
default SNMP port in any case.
TCP:1161 listen on TCP port 1161 on all IPv4 interfaces.
ipx:/40000 listen on IPX port 40000 on all IPX interfaces.
unix:/tmp/local-agent listen on the Unix domain socket /tmp/local-
/tmp/local-agent identical to the previous specification, since
the Unix domain is the default transport iff
the first character of the <transport-address>
is a ’/’.
PVC:161 listen on the AAL5 permanent virtual circuit
with VPI=0 and VCI=161 (decimal) on the first
ATM adapter in the machine.
udp6:10161 listen on port 10161 on all IPv6 interfaces.
Note that not all the transport domains listed above will always be
available; for instance, hosts with no IPv6 support will not be able to
use udp6 transport addresses, and attempts to do so will result in the
error "Error opening specified endpoint". Likewise, since AAL5 PVC
support is only currently available on Linux, it will fail with the
same error on other platforms.
snmpd checks for the existence of and parses the following files:
Common configuration for the agent and applications. See
snmp.conf(5) for details.
Agent-specific configuration. See snmpd.conf(5) for details.
These files are optional and may be used to configure access con-
trol, trap generation, subagent protocols and much else besides.
In addition to these two configuration files in /etc/snmp, the
agent will read any files with the names snmpd.conf and
snmpd.local.conf in a colon separated path specified in the SNMP-
CONFPATH environment variable.
The agent will also load all files in this directory as MIBs. It
will not, however, load any file that begins with a ’.’ or
descend into subdirectories.
(in recommended reading order)
4th Berkeley Distribution 7 Feb 2002 SNMPD(8)
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