selinux(8)            SELinux Command Line documentation            selinux(8)


       selinux - NSA Security-Enhanced Linux (SELinux)


       NSA  Security-Enhanced Linux (SELinux) is an implementation of a flexi-
       ble mandatory access control architecture in the Linux  operating  sys-
       tem.   The  SELinux  architecture  provides  general  support  for  the
       enforcement of many kinds of mandatory access control policies, includ-
       ing  those  based  on  the  concepts  of Type EnforcementĀ®, Role- Based
       Access Control, and Multi-Level Security.  Background  information  and
       technical    documentation    about    SELinux    can   be   found   at

       The /etc/selinux/config configuration file controls whether SELinux  is
       enabled  or  disabled, and if enabled, whether SELinux operates in per-
       missive mode or enforcing mode.  The SELINUX variable may be set to any
       one  of  disabled,  permissive,  or  enforcing  to  select one of these
       options.  The disabled option completely disables  the  SELinux  kernel
       and  application  code,  leaving the system running without any SELinux
       protection.  The permissive option enables the SELinux code, but causes
       it  to  operate in a mode where accesses that would be denied by policy
       are permitted but audited.  The enforcing option  enables  the  SELinux
       code  and causes it to enforce access denials as well as auditing them.
       Permissive mode may yield a different set  of  denials  than  enforcing
       mode,  both  because enforcing mode will prevent an operation from pro-
       ceeding past the first denial and because some  application  code  will
       fall back to a less privileged mode of operation if denied access.

       The /etc/selinux/config configuration file also controls what policy is
       active on the system.  SELinux  allows  for  multiple  policies  to  be
       installed on the system, but only one policy may be active at any given
       time.  At present, two kinds of  SELinux  policy  exist:  targeted  and
       strict.   The  targeted  policy is designed as a policy where most pro-
       cesses operate without restrictions, and  only  specific  services  are
       placed  into distinct security domains that are confined by the policy.
       For example, the user would run in a completely unconfined domain while
       the  named  daemon or apache daemon would run in a specific domain tai-
       lored to its operation.  The strict policy  is  designed  as  a  policy
       where  all processes are partitioned into fine-grained security domains
       and confined by policy.  It is anticipated in  the  future  that  other
       policies  will  be created (Multi-Level Security for example).  You can
       define which policy you will run by setting the SELINUXTYPE environment
       variable within /etc/selinux/config.  The corresponding policy configu-
       ration   for   each   such   policy   must   be   installed   in    the
       /etc/selinux/SELINUXTYPE/ directories.

       A given SELinux policy can be customized further based on a set of com-
       pile-time tunable options and a set of runtime policy  booleans.   sys-
       tem-config-securitylevel  allows  customization  of  these booleans and

       Many domains that are protected by SELinux  also  include  selinux  man
       pages explainging how to customize their policy.


       All files, directories, devices ... have a security context/label asso-
       ciated with them.  These context are stored in the extended  attributes
       of  the  file  system.  Problems with SELinux often arise from the file
       system being mislabeled. This can be caused by booting the machine with
       a  non  selinux kernel.  If you see an error message containing file_t,
       that is usually a good indicator that you have a serious  problem  with
       file system labeling.
       The  best  way  to  relabel  the file system is to create the flag file
       /.autorelabel and reboot.  system-config-securitylevel, also  has  this
       capability.   The  restorcon/fixfiles  commands  are also available for
       relabeling files.


       This manual page was written by Dan Walsh <>.


       booleans(8), setsebool(8), selinuxenabled(8), togglesebool(8), restore-
       con(8),       setfiles(8),      ftpd_selinux(8),      named_selinux(8),
       rsync_selinux(8), httpd_selinux(8),  nfs_selinux(8),  samba_selinux(8),
       kerberos_selinux(8), nis_selinux(8), ypbind_selinux(8)


       /etc/selinux/config                 29 Apr 2005                       selinux(8)

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