rpmbuild



RPMBUILD(8)                      Red Hat Linux                     RPMBUILD(8)




NAME

       rpmbuild - Build RPM Package(s)


SYNOPSIS

   BUILDING PACKAGES:
       rpmbuild  {-ba|-bb|-bp|-bc|-bi|-bl|-bs} [rpmbuild-options] SPECFILE ...



       rpmbuild {-ta|-tb|-tp|-tc|-ti|-tl|-ts} [rpmbuild-options] TARBALL ...



       rpmbuild {--rebuild|--recompile} SOURCEPKG ...


   MISCELLANEOUS:
       rpmbuild --showrc


   rpmbuild-options
        [--buildroot DIRECTORY] [--clean] [--nobuild]
        [--rmsource] [--rmspec] [--short-circuit] [--sign]
        [--target PLATFORM]



DESCRIPTION

       rpmbuild is used to build both binary and source software packages.   A
       package  consists  of an archive of files and meta-data used to install
       and erase the archive files. The  meta-data  includes  helper  scripts,
       file  attributes, and descriptive information about the package.  Pack-
       ages come in two varieties: binary packages, used to encapsulate  soft-
       ware  to  be installed, and source packages, containing the source code
       and recipe necessary to produce binary packages.

       One of the following basic modes must be selected: Build Package, Build
       Package from Tarball, Recompile Package, Show Configuration.

   GENERAL OPTIONS
       These options can be used in all the different modes.

       -?, --help
              Print a longer usage message then normal.

       --version
              Print  a  single line containing the version number of rpm being
              used.

       --quiet
              Print as little as possible - normally only error messages  will
              be displayed.

       -v     Print  verbose  information - normally routine progress messages
              will be displayed.

       -vv    Print lots of ugly debugging information.

       --rcfile FILELIST
              Each of the files  in  the  colon  separated  FILELIST  is  read
              sequentially  by  rpm  for  configuration information.  Only the
              first file in the list must exist, and tildes will  be  expanded
              to    the   value   of   $HOME.    The   default   FILELIST   is
              /usr/lib/rpm/rpmrc:/usr/lib/rpm/red-
              hat/rpmrc:/etc/rpmrc:~/.rpmrc.

       --pipe CMD
              Pipes the output of rpm to the command CMD.

       --dbpath DIRECTORY
              Use  the  database  in  DIRECTORY  rather  than the default path
              /var/lib/rpm

       --root DIRECTORY
              Use the file system tree rooted at DIRECTORY for all operations.
              Note  that this means the database within DIRECTORY will be used
              for dependency checks  and  any  scriptlet(s)  (e.g.   %post  if
              installing, or %prep if building, a package) will be run after a
              chroot(2) to DIRECTORY.

   BUILD OPTIONS
       The general form of an rpm build command is


       rpmbuild -bSTAGE|-tSTAGE [      rpmbuild-options
        ] FILE ...


       The argument used is -b if a spec file is being used to build the pack-
       age  and  -t  if rpmbuild should look inside of a (possibly compressed)
       tar file for the spec file to use. After the first argument,  the  next
       character  (STAGE) specifies the stages of building and packaging to be
       done and is one of:

       -ba    Build binary and source packages (after doing the %prep, %build,
              and %install stages).

       -bb    Build  a  binary  package  (after  doing  the %prep, %build, and
              %install stages).

       -bp    Executes the "%prep" stage from the  spec  file.  Normally  this
              involves unpacking the sources and applying any patches.

       -bc    Do  the "%build" stage from the spec file (after doing the %prep
              stage).  This generally involves the equivalent of a "make".

       -bi    Do the "%install" stage from the  spec  file  (after  doing  the
              %prep  and  %build stages).  This generally involves the equiva-
              lent of a "make install".

       -bl    Do a "list check".  The "%files" section from the spec  file  is
              macro  expanded,  and  checks  are made to verify that each file
              exists.

       -bs    Build just the source package.

       The following options may also be used:

       --buildroot DIRECTORY
              When building a package, override the BuildRoot tag with  direc-
              tory DIRECTORY.

       --clean
              Remove the build tree after the packages are made.

       --nobuild
              Do  not  execute  any  build stages. Useful for testing out spec
              files.

       --rmsource
              Remove the sources after the build (may also be used standalone,
              e.g. "rpmbuild --rmsource foo.spec").

       --rmspec
              Remove  the  spec  file  after the build (may also be used stan-
              dalone, eg. "rpmbuild --rmspec foo.spec").

       --short-circuit
              Skip straight to specified stage (i.e., skip all stages  leading
              up to the specified stage).  Only valid with -bc and -bi.

       --sign Embed a GPG signature in the package. This signature can be used
              to verify the integrity and the origin of the package.  See  the
              section on GPG SIGNATURES in rpm(8) for configuration details.

       --target PLATFORM
              When  building the package, interpret PLATFORM as arch-vendor-os
              and set  the  macros  %_target,  %_target_cpu,  and  %_target_os
              accordingly.

   REBUILD AND RECOMPILE OPTIONS
       There are two other ways to invoke building with rpm:


       rpmbuild --rebuild|--recompile SOURCEPKG ...


       When  invoked this way, rpmbuild installs the named source package, and
       does a prep, compile and install.  In addition, --rebuild builds a  new
       binary  package.  When  the build has completed, the build directory is
       removed (as in --clean) and the the sources and spec file for the pack-
       age are removed.

   SHOWRC
       The command


       rpmbuild --showrc


       shows the values rpmbuild will use for all of the options are currently
       set in rpmrc and macros configuration file(s).


FILES

   rpmrc Configuration
       /usr/lib/rpm/rpmrc
       /usr/lib/rpm/redhat/rpmrc
       /etc/rpmrc
       ~/.rpmrc

   Macro Configuration
       /usr/lib/rpm/macros
       /usr/lib/rpm/redhat/macros
       /etc/rpm/macros
       ~/.rpmmacros

   Database
       /var/lib/rpm/Basenames
       /var/lib/rpm/Conflictname
       /var/lib/rpm/Dirnames
       /var/lib/rpm/Filemd5s
       /var/lib/rpm/Group
       /var/lib/rpm/Installtid
       /var/lib/rpm/Name
       /var/lib/rpm/Packages
       /var/lib/rpm/Providename
       /var/lib/rpm/Provideversion
       /var/lib/rpm/Pubkeys
       /var/lib/rpm/Removed
       /var/lib/rpm/Requirename
       /var/lib/rpm/Requireversion
       /var/lib/rpm/Sha1header
       /var/lib/rpm/Sigmd5
       /var/lib/rpm/Triggername

   Temporary
       /var/tmp/rpm*


SEE ALSO

       popt(3),
       rpm2cpio(8),
       gendiff(1),
       rpm(8),

       http://www.rpm.org/ <URL:http://www.rpm.org/>


AUTHORS

       Marc Ewing <marc@redhat.com>
       Jeff Johnson <jbj@redhat.com>
       Erik Troan <ewt@redhat.com>



Red Hat, Inc.                    09 June 2002                      RPMBUILD(8)

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