PROCINFO(8) Linux System Manual PROCINFO(8)
procinfo - display system status gathered from /proc
procinfo [ -fsmadiDSbrChv ] [ -nN ] [ -Ffile ]
procinfo gathers some system data from the /proc directory and prints
it nicely formatted on the standard output device.
The meanings of the fields are as follows:
See the man page for free(1) (preferably the proc-version of
free (If you weren’t around during the Linux 1.x days, that’s
the only version of free you’ll have)).
The time the system was booted.
The average number of jobs running, followed by the number of
runnable processes and the total number of processes (if your
kernel is recent enough), followed by the PID of the last pro-
cess run (idem).
user: The amount of time spent running jobs in user space.
nice: The amount of time spent running niced jobs in user space.
The amount of time spent running in kernel space. Note: the
time spent servicing interrupts is not counted by the kernel
(and nothing that procinfo can do about it).
idle: The amount of time spent doing nothing.
The time that the system has been up. The above four should more
or less add up to this one.
The number of disk block paged into core from disk. (A block is
almost always 1 kilobyte).
The reverse of the above. (What does that mean, anyways?)
The number of memory pages paged in from swapspace.
The number of memory pages paged out to swapspace.
The total number of context switches since bootup.
The number of times your hard disks have been accessed. This
won’t work for 1.0.x/1.1.x kernels unless you have applied the
diskstat patch available elsewhere to your kernel, and might
give surprising results if all your hard disks are of the same
type (e.g. all IDE, all SCSI). [I’m not sure to what extend this
is still true with recent kernels, but I don’t have a mixed sys-
tem so I can’t check.]
This is either a single number for all IRQ channels together if
your kernel is older than version 1.0.5, or two rows of numbers
for each IRQ channel if your kernel is at version 1.0.5 or
later. On Intel architecture there are sixteen different IRQ
channels, and their default meanings are as follows:
0 Timer channel 0
2 Cascade for controller 2 (which controls IRQ 8-15)
3 Serial Port 2
4 Serial Port 1
5 Parallel Port 2
6 Floppy Diskette Controller
7 Parallel Port 1
8 Real-time Clock
9 Redirected to IRQ2
13 Math Coprocessor
14 Hard Disk Controller
Note that the meanings of the IRQ channels for parallel ports,
serial ports and those left empty may have been changed depend-
ing on your hardware setup. If that’s the case on your machine,
you’re probably aware of it. If you’re not, upgrade to at least
Linux 1.1.43 and let procinfo enlighten you about who uses what.
The modules (loadable device drivers) installed on your machine,
with their sizes in kilobytes. (Only with -m or -a option). Mod-
ules with a use count larger than 0 are marked with an asterisk.
Character and Block Devices:
All available devices with their major numbers. (Only with -m or
All available file systems. (Only with -m or -a option). Those
that do not require an actual device (like procfs itself) are
noted between square brackets.
-f Run procinfo continuously full-screen.
-nN Pause N second between updates. This option implies -f. It may
contain a decimal point. The default is 5 seconds. When run by
root with a pause of 0 seconds, the program will run at the
highest possible priority level.
-m Show info about modules and device drivers instead of CPU and
-a Show all information that procinfo knows how to find.
-d For memory, CPU times, paging, swapping, disk, context and
interrupt stats, display values per second rather than totals.
This option implies -f.
-D Same as -d, except that memory stats are displayed as totals.
-S When running with -d or -D, always show values per second, even
when running with -n N with N greater than one second.
-Ffile Redirect output to file (usually a tty). Nice if, for example,
you want to run procinfo permanently on a virtual console or on
a terminal, by starting it from init(8) with a line like:
p8:23:respawn:/usr/bin/procinfo -biDn1 -F/dev/tty8
-b If your kernel is recent enough to display separate read and
write numbers for disk I/O, the -b flag makes procinfo display
numbers of blocks rather that numbers of I/O requests (neither
of which is, alas, reliably translatable into kilobytes).
-i Normally the IRQ portion of the display is squeezed to only dis-
play non-zero IRQ channels. With this option you’ll get the full
list, but on Alphas and on Intel boxen with 2.1.104 kernels or
later procinfo won’t fit inside a 80x24 screen anymore. Price of
progress, I suppose.
-r This option adds an extra line to the memory info showing ’real’
free memory, just as free(1) does.
-h Print a brief help message.
-v Print version info.
When running procinfo fullscreen, you can change its behaviour by
pressing n, d, D, S, i, m, a, r and b, which have the same effect as
the corresponding command line options. In addition you can press q
which quits the program; s which switches back to the main screen after
pressing m or a; t which switches back to displaying totals after
pressing d or D; <space> which freezes the screen untill you press
another key again; C and R which sets and releases a checkpoint in
totals mode; and finally Ctrl-L which refreshes the screen.
/proc The proc file system.
What, me worry?
free(1), uptime(1), w(1), init(8), proc(5).
Sander van Malssen <firstname.lastname@example.org>
18th Release 2001-03-02 PROCINFO(8)
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