# pdftex

PDFTEX(1)                                                            PDFTEX(1)

## NAME

pdftex, pdfinitex, pdfvirtex - PDF output from TeX

## SYNOPSIS

pdftex [options] [& format ] [ file | \ commands ]

## DESCRIPTION

Run  the  pdfTeX typesetter on file, usually creating file.pdf.  If the
file argument has no extension, ".tex" will be appended to it.  Instead
of  a  filename,  a  set  of pdfTeX commands can be given, the first of
which must start with a backslash.  With a &format argument pdfTeX uses
a different set of precompiled commands, contained in format.fmt; it is
usually better to use the -fmt format option instead.

pdfTeX is a version of TeX that can create PDF files  as  well  as  DVI
files.

In  DVI  mode,  pdfTeX can be used as a complete replacement of the TeX
engine.

The typical use of pdfTeX is with a pregenerated formats for which  PDF
output has been enabled.  The pdftex command uses the equivalent of the
plain TeX format, and the pdflatex command uses the equivalent  of  the
LaTeX format.  To generate formats, use the -ini switch.

The pdfinitex and pdfvirtex commands are pdfTeX’s analogues to the ini-
tex and virtex commands.  In this installation, they are symbolic links
to the pdftex executable.  These symbolic links may not exist at all.

In  PDF mode, pdfTeX can natively handle the PDF, JPG, and PNG graphics
formats.  pdfTeX’s handling of its command-line arguments is similar to
that of of the other TeX programs in the web2c implementation.

## OPTIONS

This  version of pdfTeX understands the following command line options.

-enc   Enable the encTeX extensions.  This option is only effective  in
combination  with  -ini.  For documentation of the encTeX exten-
sions see http://www.olsak.net/enctex.html.

-file-line-error
Print error messages in the form file:line:error which is  simi-
lar to the way many compilers format them.

-no-file-line-error
Disable printing error messages in the file:line:error style.

-file-line-error-style
This is the old name of the -file-line-error option.

-fmt format
Use  format as the name of the format to be used, instead of the
name by which pdfTeX was called or a %& line.

-halt-on-error
Exit with an error code when an error is encountered during pro-
cessing.

-help  Print help message and exit.

-ini   Start  in INI mode, which is used to dump formats.  The INI mode
can be used for typesetting, but no  format  is  preloaded,  and
basic initializations like setting catcodes may be required.

-interaction mode
Sets  the  interaction  mode.  The mode can be either batchmode,
nonstopmode, scrollmode,  and  errorstopmode.   The  meaning  of
these  modes is the same as that of the corresponding \commands.

-ipc   Send DVI or PDF output to a socket as well as the  usual  output
file.   Whether  this  option  is available is the choice of the
installer.

-ipc-start
As -ipc, and starts  the  server  at  the  other  end  as  well.
Whether this option is available is the choice of the installer.

-jobname name
Use name for the job name, instead of deriving it from the  name
of the input file.

Sets  path  searching  debugging flags according to the bitmask.
See the Kpathsea manual for details.

-mktex fmt
Enable mktexfmt, where fmt must be either tex or tfm.

-mltex Enable MLTeX extensions.  Only  effective  in  combination  with
-ini.

-no-mktex fmt
Disable mktexfmt, where fmt must be either tex or tfm.

-output-comment string
In  DVI mode, use string for the DVI file comment instead of the
date.  This option is ignored in PDF mode.

-output-directory directory
directory instead of the current directory.  Look up input files
in directory first, the along the normal search path.

-output-format format
Set  the  output format mode, where format must be either pdf or
dvi.  This also influences the set of  graphics  formats  under-
stood by pdfTeX.

-parse-first-line
If the first line of the main input file begins with %& parse it
to look for a dump name or a -translate-file option.

-no-parse-first-line
Disable parsing of the first line of the main input file.

-progname name
Pretend to be program name.  This affects both the  format  used
and the search paths.

-recorder
Enable  the filename recorder.  This leaves a trace of the files
opened for input and output in a file with extension .fls.

-shell-escape
Enable the \write18{command} construct.  The command can be  any
shell  command.  This construct is normally disallowed for secu-
rity reasons.

-no-shell-escape
Disable the \write18{command} construct, even if it  is  enabled
in the texmf.cnf file.

-src-specials
In  DVI  mode,  insert  source specials into the DVI file.  This
option is ignored in PDF mode.

-src-specials where
In DVI mode, insert source specials in certain placed of the DVI
file.  where is a comma-separated value list: cr, display, hbox,
math, par, parent, or vbox.  This option is ignored in PDF mode.

-translate-file tcxname
Use  the  tcxname  translation table to set the mapping of input
characters and re-mapping of output characters.

-default-translate-file tcxname
Like -translate-file except that a %&  line  can  overrule  this
setting.

-version
Print version information and exit.

## ENVIRONMENT

See  the  Kpathsearch  library documentation (the ‘Path specifications’
node) for precise details of how the environment  variables  are  used.
The kpsewhich utility can be used to query the values of the variables.

One caveat: In most pdfTeX formats, you cannot use ~ in a filename  you
give directly to pdfTeX, because ~ is an active character, and hence is
expanded, not taken as part of the filename.  Other programs,  such  as
Metafont, do not have this problem.

TEXMFOUTPUT
Normally, pdfTeX puts its output files in the current directory.
If any output file cannot be opened there, it tries to  open  it
in the directory specified in the environment variable TEXMFOUT-
PUT.  There is no default value for that variable.  For example,
if  you  say  pdftex  paper  and  the  current  directory is not
writable, if TEXMFOUTPUT has the value /tmp, pdfTeX attempts  to
create /tmp/paper.log (and /tmp/paper.pdf, if any output is pro-
duced.)

TEXINPUTS
Search path for \input and \openin files.  This should  probably
start  with  ‘‘.’’,  so  that user files are found before system
files.  An empty path component will be replaced with the  paths
defined  in  the  texmf.cnf file.  For example, set TEXINPUTS to
".:/home/usr/tex:"  to  prepend   the   current   direcory   and
‘‘/home/user/tex’’ to the standard search path.

TEXFORMATS
Search path for format files.

TEXPOOL
search path for pdftex internal strings.

TEXEDIT
Command  template for switching to editor.  The default, usually
vi, is set when pdfTeX is compiled.

TFMFONTS
Search path for font metric (.tfm) files.

## FILES

The location of the files mentioned below varies from system to system.
Use the kpsewhich utility to find their locations.

pdftex.pool
Text file containing pdfTeX’s internal strings.

pdftex.map
Filename mapping definitions.

*.tfm  Metric files for pdfTeX’s fonts.

*.fmt  Predigested pdfTeX format (.fmt) files.

## NOTES

This  manual page is not meant to be exhaustive.  The complete documen-
tation for this version of pdfTeX can  be  found  in  the  info  manual
Web2C: A TeX implementation.

## BUGS

This  version of pdfTeX implements a number of optional extensions.  In
fact, many of these extensions conflict to a greater or  lesser  extent
with  the  definition of pdfTeX.  When such extensions are enabled, the
banner printed when pdfTeX starts is changed to print  pdfTeXk  instead
of pdfTeX.

This  version  of  pdfTeX fails to trap arithmetic overflow when dimen-
sions are added or subtracted.  Cases where this occurs are  rare,  but
when  it does the generated DVI file will be invalid.  Whether a gener-
ated PDF file would be usable is unknown.

## AVAILABILITY

pdfTeX is available for a large variety of  machine  architectures  and
operation systems.  pdfTeX is part of all major TeX distributions.

Information  on how to get pdfeTeX and related information is available
is  available for anonymous ftp at the http://www.pdftex.de/tex/pdftex/
pdfTeX development site.

The  following  pdfeTeX  related  mailing  list  is   available:   pdf-
tex@tug.org.   This is a mailman list; to subscribe send a message con-
taining subscribe to pdftex-request@tug.org.  More about the  list  can
be  found  at  the  http://tug.org/mailman/listinfo/pdftex mailing list
website.

tex(1), mf(1).

## AUTHORS

The primary authors of pdfTeX are Han The Thanh, Petr Sojka,  and  Jiri
Zlatuska.

TeX was designed by Donald E. Knuth, who implemented it using his  sys-
tem for Pascal programs.  It was ported to Unix at Stanford  by  Howard
Trickey,  and at Cornell by Pavel Curtis.  The version now offered with
the Unix TeX distribution  is  that  generated  by  the   to  C  system
(web2c), originally written by Tomas Rokicki and Tim Morgan.

The encTeX extensions were written by Petr Olsak.

Web2C 7.5.4                      25 March 2004                       PDFTEX(1)

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