mrtg



MRTG(1)                              mrtg                              MRTG(1)




NAME

       mrtg - What is MRTG


DESCRIPTION

       The Multi Router Traffic Grapher (MRTG) is a tool to monitor the traf-
       fic load on network links.  MRTG generates HTML pages containing PNG
       images which provide a LIVE visual representation of this traffic.
       Check http://www.stat.ee.ethz.ch/mrtg/ to see what it does.

       Go to
        http://people.ee.ethz.ch/~oetiker/webtools/mrtg for all the details
       about mrtg.

       Command-line options:

       Most items are set through the configuration file; command-line options
       are specified here:

       --user username  and --group groupname
           Run as the given user and/or group. (Unix Only)

       --lock-file filename
           Use an alternate lock-file (the default is to use the configura-
           tion-file appended with "_l").

       --confcache-file filename
           Use an alternate confcache-file (the default is to use the configu-
           ration-file appended with ".ok")

       --logging filenameeventlog
           If this is set to writable filename, all output from mrtg (warn-
           ings, debug messages, errors) will go to filename. If you are run-
           ning on Win32 you can specify eventlog instead of a filename which
           will send all error to the windows event log.

           NOTE:Note, there is no Message DLL for mrtg. This has the side
           effect that the windows event logger will display a nice message
           with every entry in the event log, complaing about the fact that
           mrtg has no message dll. If any of the Windows folks want to con-
           tribute one, they are welcome.

       --daemon
           Put MRTG into the background, running as a daemon. This works the
           same way as the config file option, but the switch is required for
           proper FHS operation (because /var/run is writable only by root)

       --fhs
           Configure all mrtg paths to conform to the FHS specification;
           http://www.pathname.com/fhs/

       --check
           Only check the cfg file for errors. Do not do anything.

       --pid-file=s
           Define the name and path of the pid file for mrtg running as a dae-
           mon

       --debug=s
           Enable debug options. The argument of the debug option is a comma
           separated list of debug values:

            cfg  - watch the config file reading
            dir  - directory mangeling
            base - basic program flow
            tarp - target parser
            snpo - snmp polling
            fork - forking view
            time - some timing info
            log  - logging of data via rateup or rrdtool

           Example:

            --debug="cfg,snpo"


USER PAGES

       MRTG is written in Perl and C and works under UNIX and Windows NT. MRTG
       is being successfully used on many sites around the net.  Check the
       MRTG-Site-Map on:

        http://people.ee.ethz.ch/~oetiker/webtools/mrtg/users.html


HIGHLIGHTS

       Portable
           MRTG works on most UNIX platforms and Windows NT.

       Perl
           MRTG is written in Perl and comes with full source.

       Portable SNMP
           MRTG Uses a highly portable SNMP implementation written entirely in
           Perl (thanks to Simon Leinen). There is no need to install any
           external SNMP package.

       SNMPv2c support
           MRTG can read the new SNMPv2c 64bit counters. No more counter wrap-
           ping.

       Reliable Interface Identification
           Router interfaces can be identified by IP address, description and
           ethernet address in addition to the normal interface number.

       Constant size Logfiles
           MRTG’s logfiles do NOT grow thanks to the use of a unique data con-
           solidation algorithm.

       Automatic Configuration
           MRTG comes with a set of configuration tools which make configura-
           tion and setup very simple.

       Performance
           Time critical routines are written in C (thanks to the initiative
           of Dave Rand my Co-Author).

       GIF free Graphics
           Graphics are generated directly in PNG format using the GD library
           by Thomas Boutell.

       Customizability
           The look of the webpages produced by MRTG is highly configurable.

       RRDtool
           MRTG has built-in hooks for using RRDtool. If you are strapped for
           performance this may help.


DETAILS

       MRTG consists of a Perl script which uses SNMP to read the traffic
       counters of your routers and a fast C program which logs the traffic
       data and creates beautiful graphs representing the traffic on the
       monitored network connection. These graphs are embedded into webpages
       which can be viewed from any modern Web-browser.

       In addition to a detailed daily view, MRTG also creates visual repre-
       sentations of the traffic seen during the last seven days, the last
       five weeks and the last twelve months. This is possible because MRTG
       keeps a log of all the data it has pulled from the router. This log is
       automatically consolidated so that it does not grow over time, but
       still contains all the relevant data for all the traffic seen over the
       last two years.  This is all performed in an efficient manner.  There-
       fore you can monitor 200 or more network links from any halfway decent
       UNIX box.

       MRTG is not limited to monitoring traffic, though.  It is possible to
       monitor any SNMP variable you choose. You can even use an external pro-
       gram to gather the data which should be monitored via MRTG. People are
       using MRTG, to monitor things such as System Load, Login Sessions,
       Modem availability and more. MRTG even allows you to accumulate two or
       more data sources into a single graph.


HISTORY

       In 1994 I was working at a site where we had one 64kbit line to the
       outside world. Obviously, everybody was interested in knowing how the
       link was performing. So I wrote a quick hack which created a constantly
       updated graph on the web that showed the traffic load on our Internet
       link. This eventually evolved into a rather configurable Perl script
       called MRTG-1.0 which I released in spring 1995. After a few updates, I
       left my job at DMU to start work at the Swiss Federal Institute of
       Technology. Due to lack of time I had to put MRTG aside. One day in
       January of 1996, I received email from Dave Rand asking if I had any
       ideas why MRTG was so slow. Actually, I did. MRTG’s programming was not
       very efficient and it was written entirely in Perl. After a week or so,
       Dave wrote back to me and said he had tried what I had suggested for
       improving MRTG’s speed. Since the changes did not help much, he had
       decided to rewrite the time-critical sections of MRTG in C. The code
       was attached to his email. His tool increased the speed of MRTG by a
       factor of 40! This got me out of my ’MRTG ignorance’ and I started to
       spend my spare time developing of MRTG-2.

       Soon after MRTG-2 development had begun I started to give beta copies
       to interested parties. In return I got many feature patches, a lot of
       user feedback and bug fixes. The product you are getting now wouldn’t
       be in this state if it hadn’t been for the great contributions and sup-
       port I received from of many people. I would like to take this opportu-
       nity to thank them all. (See the files CHANGES for a long list of folk
       people who helped to make MRTG what it is today.)


READ ON

       Learn more about MRTG by going to the mrtg home page on:
        http://people.ee.ethz.ch/~oetiker/webtools/mrtg


AUTHOR

       Tobias Oetiker <oetiker@ee.ethz.ch> and many contributors



2.11.1                            2005-01-06                           MRTG(1)

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