LOADGO(1) LAM COMMANDS LOADGO(1)
loadgo - Run programs on LAM nodes.
loadgo [-fhvw] [-s <srcnode>] <nodes> <programs> [-- <args>]
-f Do not configure standard I/O file descriptors - use de-
-h Print useful information on this command.
-s <srcnode> Load the programs from this source node <srcnode>.
-v Report on important steps as they are done.
-w Wait for all processes to complete before exiting loadgo.
Report any abnormal exit codes.
-- <args> Pass these runtime arguments to every new process. This
must always be the last argument to loadgo.
Most MPI users will not use this command; see mpirun(1). This command
is only installed if LAM/MPI was configured with the --with-trillium
All specified programs are executed on all specified nodes. Only one
set of runtime arguments may be specified for all new processes. To
load different programs on different nodes, or to pass different argu-
ments to different programs, multiple loadgo invocations are necessary.
By default, LAM searches for executable programs on the target node
where a particular instantiation will run. If the file system is not
shared, the target nodes are homogeneous, and the program is frequently
recompiled, it can be convenient to have LAM transfer the program from
a source node (usually the local node) to each target node. The -s op-
tion specifies this behaviour and identifies the single source node.
LAM looks for an executable program by searching the directories in the
user’s PATH environment variable as defined on the source node(s).
This behaviour is consistent with logging into the source node and exe-
cuting the program from the shell. On remote nodes, the "." path is
the home directory.
LAM directs UNIX standard input to /dev/null on all remote nodes. On
the local node that invoked loadgo, standard input is inherited from
loadgo. Use the -w option to prevent conflicting access to the termi-
LAM directs UNIX standard output and error to the LAM daemon on all re-
mote nodes. LAM ships all captured output/error to the node that in-
voked loadgo and prints it on the standard output/error of loadgo. Lo-
cal processes inherit the standard output/error of loadgo and transfer
to it directly.
Thus it is possible to redirect standard I/O for LAM applications by
using the typical shell redirection procedure on loadgo.
% loadgo my_app < my_input > my_output
The -f option avoids all the setup required to support standard I/O de-
scribed above. Remote processes are completely directed to /dev/null
and local processes inherit file descriptors from lamboot(1).
Programs invoked via loadgo inherit their environment from the LAM dae-
mon upon the node on which they execute. The environment of a LAM dae-
mon is fixed upon booting of the LAM with lamboot(1) and is inherited
from the user’s shell. On the origin node this will be the shell from
which lamboot(1) was invoked and on remote nodes this will be the shell
started by rsh(1).
MPI applications should be started with mpirun(1) because of the ini-
tialization requirements of MPI. However, it is possible to start
rudimentary process configurations of MPI applications with loadgo.
Prior to starting LAM with lamboot(1), the user’s environment on every
node must set the variable, LAMWORLDNODES. One and only one process
must be started on each and every node. Each process’s rank in the MPI
world group will equal its nodeid. This directly implies that the LAM
nodeids must be contiguous. The same configuration can be achieved by
logging into each node and starting each process from the shell (with
the environment variable set as above).
loadgo N prog1
Load and execute prog1 on all nodes. Search for prog1 on each
loadgo n8-10 -vw -s n3 prog1 prog2 -- -q
Load and execute prog1 and prog2 on nodes 8, 9, and 10. Search for
prog1 and prog2 on source node 3 and transfer the executables to
the three target nodes. Report on each process as it is created.
Pass the -q option to each new process. Wait for the processes to
complete before exiting loadgo.
state(1), doom(1), mpirun(1)
LAM 7.1.1 September, 2004 LOADGO(1)
Man(1) output converted with