LN(1) User Commands LN(1)
ln - make links between files
ln [OPTION]... TARGET [LINK_NAME]
ln [OPTION]... TARGET... DIRECTORY
ln [OPTION]... --target-directory=DIRECTORY TARGET...
Create a link to the specified TARGET with optional LINK_NAME. If
LINK_NAME is omitted, a link with the same basename as the TARGET is
created in the current directory. When using the second form with more
than one TARGET, the last argument must be a directory; create links
in DIRECTORY to each TARGET. Create hard links by default, symbolic
links with --symbolic. When creating hard links, each TARGET must
Mandatory arguments to long options are mandatory for short options
make a backup of each existing destination file
-b like --backup but does not accept an argument
-d, -F, --directory
allow the superuser to attempt to hard link directories (note:
will probably fail due to system restrictions, even for the
remove existing destination files
treat destination that is a symlink to a directory as if it were
a normal file
prompt whether to remove destinations
make symbolic links instead of hard links
override the usual backup suffix
specify the DIRECTORY in which to create the links
print name of each file before linking
--help display this help and exit
output version information and exit
The backup suffix is ‘~’, unless set with --suffix or SIM-
PLE_BACKUP_SUFFIX. The version control method may be selected via the
--backup option or through the VERSION_CONTROL environment variable.
Here are the values:
never make backups (even if --backup is given)
make numbered backups
numbered if numbered backups exist, simple otherwise
always make simple backups
Written by Mike Parker and David MacKenzie.
Report bugs to <firstname.lastname@example.org>.
Copyright © 2004 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
This is free software; see the source for copying conditions. There is
NO warranty; not even for MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR
The full documentation for ln is maintained as a Texinfo manual. If
the info and ln programs are properly installed at your site, the com-
info coreutils ln
should give you access to the complete manual.
ln (coreutils) 5.2.1 July 2005 LN(1)
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