createdb



CREATEDB(1)             PostgreSQL Client Applications             CREATEDB(1)




NAME

       createdb - create a new PostgreSQL database



SYNOPSIS

       createdb [ option... ]  [ dbname ]  [ description ]


DESCRIPTION

       createdb creates a new PostgreSQL database.

       Normally, the database user who executes this command becomes the owner
       of the new database.  However a different owner can  be  specified  via
       the -O option, if the executing user has appropriate privileges.

       createdb  is  a  wrapper  around  the SQL command CREATE DATABASE [cre-
       ate_database(7)].  There is no effective  difference  between  creating
       databases  via  this  utility  and  via other methods for accessing the
       server.


OPTIONS

       createdb accepts the following command-line arguments:

       dbname Specifies the name of the database to be created. The name  must
              be  unique  among all PostgreSQL databases in this cluster.  The
              default is to create a database with the same name as  the  cur-
              rent system user.

       description
              Specifies  a  comment  to  be  associated with the newly created
              database.

       -D tablespace

       --tablespace tablespace
              Specifies the default tablespace for the database.

       -e

       --echo Echo the commands that  createdb  generates  and  sends  to  the
              server.

       -E encoding

       --encoding encoding
              Specifies  the  character  encoding  scheme  to  be used in this
              database. The character sets supported by the PostgreSQL  server
              are described in the documentation.

       -O owner

       --owner owner
              Specifies the database user who will own the new database.

       -q

       --quiet
              Do not display a response.

       -T template

       --template template
              Specifies  the  template  database  from  which  to  build  this
              database.


       The options -D, -E, -O, and -T correspond to options of the  underlying
       SQL  command  CREATE  DATABASE [create_database(7)]; see there for more
       information about them.

       createdb also accepts the following command-line arguments for  connec-
       tion parameters:

       -h host

       --host host
              Specifies  the  host  name of the machine on which the server is
              running. If the value begins with a slash, it  is  used  as  the
              directory for the Unix domain socket.

       -p port

       --port port
              Specifies  the  TCP  port  or  the local Unix domain socket file
              extension on which the server is listening for connections.

       -U username

       --username username
              User name to connect as

       -W

       --password
              Force password prompt.



ENVIRONMENT

       PGDATABASE
              If set, the name of the database to create, unless overridden on
              the command line.

       PGHOST

       PGPORT

       PGUSER Default  connection  parameters. PGUSER also determines the name
              of the database to create, if it is not specified on the command
              line or by PGDATABASE.


DIAGNOSTICS

       In  case  of  difficulty,  see CREATE DATABASE [create_database(7)] and
       psql(1) for discussions of potential problems and error messages.   The
       database server must be running at the targeted host. Also, any default
       connection settings and environment variables used by the libpq  front-
       end library will apply.


EXAMPLES

       To create the database demo using the default database server:

       $ createdb demo
       CREATE DATABASE

       The response is the same as you would have gotten from running the CRE-
       ATE DATABASE SQL command.

       To create the database demo using the server on host eden,  port  5000,
       using the LATIN1 encoding scheme with a look at the underlying command:

       $ createdb -p 5000 -h eden -E LATIN1 -e demo
       CREATE DATABASE "demo" WITH ENCODING = ’LATIN1’
       CREATE DATABASE



SEE ALSO

       dropdb(1), CREATE DATABASE [create_database(7)]



Application                       2005-01-17                       CREATEDB(1)

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